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Title: Heterogeneous Oxidation of Atmospheric Organic Aerosol: Kinetics of Changes to the Amount and Oxidation State of Particle-Phase Organic Carbon
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Publication Date:
Journal Name:
The Journal of Physical Chemistry A
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
10767 to 10783
American Chemical Society
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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  1. The role of hydroxyl radicals (OH) as a daytime oxidant is well established on a global scale. In specific source regions, such as the marine boundary layer and polluted coastal cities, other daytime oxidants, such as chlorine atoms (Cl) and even bromine atoms (Br), may compete with OH for the oxidation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and/or enhance the overall oxidation capacity of the atmosphere. However, the number of studies investigating halogen-initiated secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation is extremely limited, resulting in large uncertainties in these oxidative aging processes. Here, we characterized the chemical composition and yield of laboratory SOA generated in an oxidation flow reactor (OFR) from the OH and Cl oxidation of n -dodecane ( n -C 12 ) and toluene, and the OH, Cl, and Br oxidation of isoprene and α-pinene. In the OFR, precursors were oxidized using integrated OH, Cl, and Br exposures ranging from 3.1 × 10 10 to 2.3 × 10 12 , 6.1 × 10 9 to 1.3× 10 12 and 3.2 × 10 10 to 9.7 × 10 12 molecules cm −3 s −1 , respectively. Like OH, Cl facilitated multistep SOA oxidative aging over the range of OFR conditions that weremore »studied. In contrast, the extent of Br-initiated SOA oxidative aging was limited. SOA elemental ratios and mass yields obtained in the OFR studies were comparable to those obtained from OH and Cl oxidation of the same precursors in environmental chamber studies. Overall, our results suggest that alkane, aromatic, and terpenoid SOA precursors are characterized by distinct OH- and halogen-initiated SOA yields, and that while Cl may enhance the SOA formation potential in regions influenced by biogenic and anthropogenic emissions, Br may have the opposite effect.« less
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    This review is the result of a workshop of the same title held at the Georgia Institute of Technology in June 2015. The first half of the review summarizes the currentmore »literature on NO3-BVOC chemistry, with a particular focus on recent advances in instrumentation and models, and in organic nitrate and secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation chemistry. Building on this current understanding, the second half of the review outlines impacts of NO3-BVOC chemistry on air quality and climate, and suggests critical research needs to better constrain this interaction to improve the predictive capabilities of atmospheric models.

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