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Title: Isothermal equation of state and phase stability of Fe 5 Si 3 up to 96 GPa and 3000 K: Fe 5 Si 3 Equation of State and Phase Stability
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Page Range / eLocation ID:
4328 to 4335
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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  1. Abstract

    We conducted shock wave experiments on iron carbide Fe3C up to a Hugoniot pressure of 245 GPa. The correlation between the particle velocity (up) and shock wave velocity (us) can be fitted into a linear relationship,us= 4.627(±0.073) + 1.614(±0.028)up. The density‐pressure relationship is consistent with a single‐phase compression without decomposition. The inference is further supported by the comparison of the observed Hugoniot density with the calculated Hugoniot curves of possible decomposition products. The new Hugoniot data combined with the reported 300‐K isothermal compression data yielded a Grüneisen parameter ofγ= 2.23(7.982/ρ)0.29. The thermal equation of state of Fe3C is further used to calculate the density profile of Fe3C along the Earth's adiabatic geotherm. The density of Fe3C was found to be too low (by ~5%) to match the observed density in the Earth's inner core, and Fe3C is unlikely a dominant component of the inner core.

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  2. Abstract

    Super‐Earths ranging up to 10 Earth masses (ME) with Earth‐like density are common among the observed exoplanets thus far, but their measured masses and radii do not uniquely elucidate their internal structure. Exploring the phase transitions in the Mg‐silicates that define the mantle‐structure of super‐Earths is critical to characterizing their interiors, yet the relevant terapascal conditions are experimentally challenging for direct structural analysis. Here we investigated the crystal chemistry of Fe3O4as a low‐pressure analog to Mg2SiO4between 45–115 GPa and up to 3000 K using powder and single crystal X‐ray diffraction in the laser‐heated diamond anvil cell. Between 60–115 GPa and above 2000 K, Fe3O4adopts an 8‐fold coordinated Th3P4‐type structure (I‐43d,Z = 4) with disordered Fe2+and Fe3+into one metal site. This Fe‐oxide phase is isostructural with that predicted for Mg2SiO4above 500 GPa in super‐Earth mantles and suggests that Mg2SiO4can incorporate both ferric and ferrous iron at these conditions. The pressure‐volume behavior observed in this 8‐fold coordinated Fe3O4indicates a maximum 4% density increase across the 6‐ to 8‐fold coordination transition in the analog Mg‐silicate. Reassessment of the FeO—Fe3O4fugacity buffer considering the Fe3O4phase relationships identified in this study reveals that increasing pressure and temperature to 120 GPa and 3000 K in Earth and planetary mantles drives iron toward oxidation.

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