skip to main content


The NSF Public Access Repository (NSF-PAR) system and access will be unavailable from 11:00 PM ET on Thursday, May 23 until 2:00 AM ET on Friday, May 24 due to maintenance. We apologize for the inconvenience.

Title: Effect of annealing atmosphere p O 2 on leakage current in 80(Bi 0.5 Na 0.5 )TiO 3 -20(Bi 0.5 K 0.5 )TiO 3 piezoelectric thin films
Author(s) / Creator(s):
Publisher / Repository:
American Institute of Physics
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Letters
Page Range / eLocation ID:
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. Polar nanoregions (PNRs) are believed to play a decisive role in the local and macroscopic polarization in relaxor ferroelectrics. The limited microscopic understanding of the structure and dynamics of PNRs hampers the rational design of new lead-free materials. Here, the local structure of A-site disordered Bi 0.5 K 0.5 TiO 3 (BKT) is investigated using synchrotron x-ray and neutron pair distribution function (PDF) analysis and density functional theory (DFT) optimized special quasirandom structures (SQSs). DFT-relaxed SQS with a 4 × 4 × 4 supercell size can reproduce the experimental PDFs of disordered BKT, as well as the partial PDFs and total polarization, with comparable results to those reported from a combined analysis of x-ray and neutron PDF data with large-box reverse Monte Carlo methods. We find that small Bi 3+ -rich polar clusters are likely to be the microscopic origin of relaxor behavior in disordered BKT, and that the existence of large polar nanoregions (PNRs) is not necessary to explain the relaxor properties. Our results also highlight the great potential of the SQS approach to gain a nanoscale-to-microscopic understanding of other relaxor solid solutions. 
    more » « less
  2. null (Ed.)
    Here, in ionically conducting Na 0.5 Bi 0.5 TiO 3 (NBT), we explore the link between growth parameters, stoichiometry and resistive switching behavior and show NBT to be a highly tunable system. We show that the combination of oxygen ionic vacancies and low-level electronic conduction is important for controlling Schottky barrier interfacial switching. We achieve a large ON/OFF ratio for high resistance/low resistance ( R HRS / R LRS ), enabled by an almost constant R HRS of ∼10 9 Ω, and composition-tunable R LRS value modulated by growth temperature. R HRS / R LRS ratios of up to 10 4 and pronounced resistive switching at low voltages (SET voltage of <1.2 V without high-voltage electroforming), strong endurance (no change in resistance states after several 10 3 cycles), uniformity, stable switching and fast switching speed are achieved. Of particular interest is that the best performance is achieved at the lowest growth temperature studied (600 °C), which is opposite to the case of most other perovskite oxides for memristors, where higher growth temperatures are required for optimum performance. This is understood based on the oxygen vacancy control of interfacial switching in NBT, whereas a range of other mechanisms (including filamentary switching) occur in other perovskites. The study of NBT has enabled us to determine key parameters for achieving high performance memristors. 
    more » « less
  3. Abstract

    Key solutions for material selection, processing, and performance of environmentally friendly high‐power generators are addressed. High voltage and high power generation of flexible devices using piezoelectric Bi0.5(Na0.78K0.22)TiO3nanoparticle filler–polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) elastomeric matrix for a lead‐free piezoelectric composite film on a cellulose paper substrate is demonstrated. To elucidate the principle of power generation by the piezoelectric composite configuration, the dielectric and piezoelectric characteristics of the composite film are investigated and the results are compared with those of theoretical modeling. The paper‐based composite generator produces a large output voltage of ≈100 V and an average current of ≈20 µA (max. ≈30 µA) through tapping stimulation, which is a record‐high performance compared to previously reported flexible lead‐free piezoelectric composite energy harvesters. Moreover, a triboelectric‐hybridized piezoelectric composite device using a micro‐patterned PDMS shows a much higher output voltage of ≈250 V and output power of ≈0.5 mW, which drives 300 light‐emitting diodes. These results prove that a new class of paper‐based and lead‐free energy harvesting device provides a strong possibility for enlarging the functionality and the capability of high‐power scavengers in flexible and wearable electronics such as sensors and medical devices.

    more » « less