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Title: Anatomy of Ag/Hafnia-Based Selectors with 10 10 Nonlinearity
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Publication Date:
Journal Name:
Advanced Materials
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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  1. Abstract. Meteoric 10Be (10Bemet) concentrations insoil profiles have great potential as a geochronometer and a tracer of Earthsurface processes, particularly in fine-grained soils lacking quartz thatwould preclude the use of in situ produced 10Be (10Bein situ). Oneprerequisite for using this technique for accurately calculating rates anddates is constraining the delivery, or flux, of 10Bemet to a site.However, few studies to date have quantified long-term (i.e., millennial)delivery rates, and none have determined a delivery rate for an erodingsoil. In this study, we compared existing concentrations of 10Bein situ with new measurements of 10Bemet in eroding soils sampledfrom the same depth profiles to calibrate a long-term 10Bemetdelivery rate. We did so on the Pinedale (∼ 21–25 kyr) and BullLake (∼ 140 kyr) glacial moraines at Fremont Lake, Wyoming(USA), where age, grain sizes, weathering indices, and soil properties areknown, as are erosion and denudation rates calculated from 10Bein situ. After ensuring sufficient beryllium retention in each profile,solving for the delivery rate of 10Bemet, and normalizing forpaleomagnetic and solar intensity variations over the Holocene, we calculate10Bemet fluxes of 1.46 (±0.20) × 106 atoms cm−2 yr−1 and 1.30 (±0.48) × 106 atoms cm−2 yr−1 tothe Pinedale and Bull Lake moraines, respectively, and compare these valuesto two widely used 10Bemet delivery rate estimation methods thatsubstantially differ for this site. Accuratelymore »estimating the 10Bemetflux using these methods requires a consideration of spatial scale andtemporally varying parameters (i.e., paleomagnetic field intensity, solarmodulation) to ensure the most realistic estimates of10Bemet-derived erosion rates in future studies.« less