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Title: Regional variations in the ocean response to tropical cyclones: Ocean mixing versus low cloud suppression: TC MIXING AND LOW CLOUD SUPPRESSION
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Geophysical Research Letters
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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  1. Abstract

    Entrainment and associated mixing (i.e., entrainment‐mixing) have been shown to impact drop size distributions. However, most past studies have focused on warm clouds and have not considered the impacts on mixed phase clouds (i.e., those containing liquid and ice particles). This study characterizes the impacts of entrainment‐mixing on mixed phase cloud properties over the Southern Ocean using in situ observations. By taking advantage of strong correlations between droplet clustering and entrainment‐mixing, a clustering metric is used as a proxy to assess the degree of mixing. This maximizes the available sample size for a statistical analysis of entrainment‐mixing impacts on mixed phase properties. A positive relationship is found between the magnitude of droplet clustering and large ice concentrations (those with maximum dimensions greater than ∼300 μm), suggesting entrainment‐mixing enhances the Wegener‐Bergeron‐Findeisen (WBF) process. Particle size distributions are averaged over different ranges of liquid (liquid water content (LWC)) to total water content (TWC) ratio. Since the ratio is expected to transition from 1 to 0 during glaciation, differences in the distributions provide insight into the relation of entrainment‐mixing to mixed phase cloud evolution. Mixed phase samples with the greatest large ice concentrations occur at LWC/TWC < 0.4 in low clustering regions. However, these samples are relatively few, whereas high clustering regions have a greater frequency of samples with LWC/TWC < 0.4. This suggests sublimation/vapor sinks associated with entrainment can counteract the enhanced WBF. In high clustering regions, distributions of small droplets are relatively constant and large droplets (>30 μm) are preferentially removed as LWC/TWC transitions from 1 to 0.

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