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Title: Embedding 3-manifolds in spin 4-manifolds: EMBEDDING 3-MANIFOLDS IN SPIN 4-MANIFOLDS
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Publication Date:
Journal Name:
Journal of Topology
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
301 to 323
DOI PREFIX: 10.1112
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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  1. We give several criteria on a closed, oriented 3-manifold that will imply that it is the boundary of a (simply connected) 4-manifold that admits infinitely many distinct smooth structures. We also show that any weakly fillable contact 3-manifold, or contact 3-manifold with non-vanishing Heegaard Floer invariant, is the boundary of a simply connected 4-manifold that admits infinitely many distinct smooth structures each of which supports a symplectic structure with concave boundary, that is there are infinitely many exotic caps for any such contact manifold.
  2. In studying the “11/8-Conjecture” on the Geography Problem in 4-dimensional topology, Furuta proposed a question on the existence of Pin ⁡ ( 2 ) \operatorname {Pin}(2) -equivariant stable maps between certain representation spheres. A precise answer of Furuta’s problem was later conjectured by Jones. In this paper, we completely resolve Jones conjecture by analyzing the Pin ⁡ ( 2 ) \operatorname {Pin}(2) -equivariant Mahowald invariants. As a geometric application of our result, we prove a “10/8+4”-Theorem. We prove our theorem by analyzing maps between certain finite spectra arising from B Pin ⁡ ( 2 ) B\operatorname {Pin}(2) and various Thom spectra associated with it. To analyze these maps, we use the technique of cell diagrams, known results on the stable homotopy groups of spheres, and the j j -based Atiyah–Hirzebruch spectral sequence.