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Title: Elevated CO 2 and water addition enhance nitrogen turnover in grassland plants with implications for temporal stability

Temporal variation in soil nitrogen (N) availability affects growth of grassland communities that differ in their use and reuse of N. In a 7‐year‐long climate change experiment in a semi‐arid grassland, the temporal stability of plant biomass production varied with plant N turnover (reliance on externally acquired N relative to internally recycled N). Species with high N turnover were less stable in time compared to species with low N turnover. In contrast, N turnover at the community level was positively associated with asynchrony in biomass production, which in turn increased community temporal stability. ElevatedCO2and summer irrigation, but not warming, enhanced community N turnover and stability, possibly because treatments promoted greater abundance of species with high N turnover. Our study highlights the importance of plant N turnover for determining the temporal stability of individual species and plant communities affected by climate change.

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Author(s) / Creator(s):
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Publisher / Repository:
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Ecology Letters
Page Range / eLocation ID:
p. 674-682
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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