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Title: Pd-PEPPSI: Water-Assisted Suzuki−Miyaura Cross-Coupling of Aryl Esters at Room Temperature using a Practical Palladium-NHC (NHC=N-Heterocyclic Carbene) Precatalyst
A Pd-PEPPSI-catalyzed (Pd = Palladium, PEPPSI = pyridine-enhanced precatalyst preparation stabilization and initiation) Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling of aryl esters via selective C–O cleavage at room temperature is reported. The developed catalyst system displays broad substrate scope with respect to both components under practical ambient reaction conditions using readily-available, cheap, modular, air- and moisturestable Pd-NHC precatalyst (NHC = N-heterocyclic carbene). The use of water proved crucial for achieving high reactivity in this coupling. The catalyst system represents the mildest conditions for the Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling of aryl esters reported to date. The protocol also allowed for achieving TON >1,000 (TON = turnover number) in the Suzuki-Miyaura ester coupling for the first time.
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Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis
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National Science Foundation
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