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Title: A Transparent Membrane for Active Noise Cancelation

A method for active noise cancelation that uses an optically transparent membrane is described. The membrane consists of a prestretched hydrophobic elastomer, attached to a rigid frame and sandwiched between two hydrogels swollen with an aqueous solution of salt. The elastomer functions as a dielectric, and the hydrogel functions as an ionic conductor. When the two hydrogels are subjected to a sinusoidal voltage, the membrane generates sound. A linear model for the reflection, transmission, and generation of sound by the membrane in an impedance tube is presented and validated. Active noise cancelation is demonstrated using the linear model and feedforward control. Compared to passive sound absorption, the sound transmission loss across the membrane is improved with active control from an average value of 7 dB to an average value of 16 dB. The transparent membrane may be used to cancel noises through a window, while maintaining its transparency.

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Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Advanced Functional Materials
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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