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Title: Influence of collagen‐based integrin α 1 and α 2 mediated signaling on human mesenchymal stem cell osteogenesis in three dimensional contexts
Abstract

Collagen I interactions with integrins α1and α2are known to support human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC) osteogenesis. Nonetheless, elucidating the relative impact of specific integrin interactions has proven challenging, in part due to the complexity of native collagen. In the present work, we employed two collagen‐mimetic proteins—Scl2‐2 and Scl2‐3— to compare the osteogenic effects of integrin α1versus α2signaling. Scl2‐2 and Scl2‐3 were both derived from Scl2‐1, a triple helical protein lacking known cell adhesion, cytokine binding, and matrix metalloproteinase sites. However, Scl2‐2 and Scl2‐3 were each engineered to display distinct collagen‐based cell adhesion motifs: GFPGER (binding integrins α1and α2) or GFPGEN (binding only integrin α1), respectively. hMSCs were cultured within poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) hydrogels containing either Scl2‐2 or Scl2‐3 for 2 weeks. PEG‐Scl2‐2 gels were associated with increased hMSC osterix expression, osteopontin production, and calcium deposition relative to PEG‐Scl2‐3 gels. These data indicate that integrin α2signaling may have an increased osteogenic effect relative to integrin α1. Since p38 is activated by integrin α2but not by integrin α1, hMSCs were further cultured in PEG‐Scl2‐2 hydrogels in the presence of a p38 inhibitor. Results suggest that p38 activity may play a key role in collagen‐supported hMSC osteogenesis. This knowledge can be used toward the rational design of scaffolds which intrinsically promote hMSC osteogenesis. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A: 106A: 2594–2604, 2018.

 
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NSF-PAR ID:
10074770
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A
Volume:
106
Issue:
10
ISSN:
1549-3296
Page Range / eLocation ID:
p. 2594-2604
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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