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Title: AGLF provides C-function in floral organ identity through transcriptional regulation of AGAMOUS in Medicago truncatula

Floral development is one of the model systems for investigating the mechanisms underlying organogenesis in plants. Floral organ identity is controlled by the well-known ABC model, which has been generalized to many flowering plants. Here, we report a previously uncharacterized MYB-like gene,AGAMOUS-LIKE FLOWER(AGLF), involved in flower development in the model legumeMedicago truncatula. Loss-of-function ofAGLFresults in flowers with stamens and carpel transformed into extra whorls of petals and sepals. Compared with the loss-of-function mutant of the class C geneAGAMOUS(MtAG) inM. truncatula, the defects in floral organ identity are similar betweenaglfandmtag, but the floral indeterminacy is enhanced in theaglfmutant. Knockout ofAGLFin the mutants of the class A geneMtAP1or the class B geneMtPIleads to an addition of a loss-of-C-function phenotype, reflecting a conventional relationship ofAGLFwith the canonical A and B genes. Furthermore, we demonstrate thatAGLFactivatesMtAGin transcriptional levels in control of floral organ identity. These data shed light on the conserved and diverged molecular mechanisms that control flower development and morphology among plant species.

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Publication Date:
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
p. 5176-5181
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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