Crowd Counting with Minimal Data Using Generative Adversarial Networks for Multiple Target Regression
In this work, we use a generative adversarial network (GAN) to train crowd counting networks using minimal data. We describe how GAN objectives can be modified to allow for the use of unlabeled data to benefit inference training in semi-supervised learning. More generally, we explain how these same methods can be used in more generic multiple regression target semi-supervised learning, with crowd counting being a demonstrative example. Given a convolutional neural network (CNN) with capabilities equivalent to the discriminator in the GAN, we provide experimental results which show that our GAN is able to outperform the CNN even when the CNN has access to significantly more labeled data. This presents the potential of training such networks to high accuracy with little data. Our primary goal is not to outperform the state-of-the-art using an improved method on the entire dataset, but instead we work to show that through semi-supervised learning we can reduce the data required to train an inference network to a given accuracy. To this end, systematic experiments are performed with various numbers of images and cameras to show under which situations the semi-supervised GANs can improve results.