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Title: The importance of the counter-cation in reductive rare-earth metal chemistry: 18-crown-6 instead of 2,2,2-cryptand allows isolation of [Y II (NR 2 ) 3 ] 1− and ynediolate and enediolate complexes from CO reactions
The use of 18-crown-6 (18-c-6) in place of 2.2.2-cryptand (crypt) in rare earth amide reduction reactions involving potassium has proven to be crucial in the synthesis of Ln( ii ) complexes and isolation of their CO reduction products. The faster speed of crystallization with 18-c-6 appears to be important. Previous studies have shown that reduction of the trivalent amide complexes Ln(NR 2 ) 3 (R = SiMe 3 ) with potassium in the presence of 2.2.2-cryptand (crypt) forms the divalent [K(crypt)][Ln II (NR 2 ) 3 ] complexes for Ln = Gd, Tb, Dy, and Tm. However, for Ho and Er, the [Ln(NR 2 ) 3 ] 1− anions were only isolable with [Rb(crypt)] 1+ counter-cations and isolation of the [Y II (NR 2 ) 3 ] 1− anion was not possible under any of these conditions. We now report that by changing the potassium chelator from crypt to 18-crown-6 (18-c-6), the [Ln(NR 2 ) 3 ] 1− anions can be isolated not only for Ln = Gd, Tb, Dy, and Tm, but also for Ho, Er, and Y. Specifically, these anions are isolated as salts of a 1 : 2 potassium : crown sandwich cation, [K(18-c-6) 2 ] 1+ , i.e. [K(18-c-6) 2 ][Ln(NR 2 ) 3 ]. The [K(18-c-6) 2 ] 1+ counter-cation was superior not only in the synthesis, but it also allowed the isolation of crystallographically-characterizable products from reactions of CO with the [Ln(NR 2 ) 3 ] 1− anions that were not obtainable from the [K(crypt)] 1+ analogs. Reaction of CO with [K(18-c-6) 2 ][Ln(NR 2 ) 3 ], generated in situ , yielded crystals of the ynediolate products, {[(R 2 N) 3 Ln] 2 (μ-OCCO)} 2− , which crystallized with counter-cations possessing 2 : 3 potassium : crown ratios, i.e. {[K 2 (18-c-6) 3 ]} 2+ , for Gd, Dy, Ho. In contrast, reaction of CO with a solution of isolated [K(18-c-6) 2 ][Gd(NR 2 ) 3 ], produced crystals of an enediolate complex isolated with a counter-cation with a 2 : 2 potassium : crown ratio namely [K(18-c-6)] 2 2+ in the complex [K(18-c-6)] 2 {[(R 2 N) 2 Gd 2 (μ-OCHCHO) 2 ]}.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
1855328
NSF-PAR ID:
10149398
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Chemical Science
Volume:
11
Issue:
7
ISSN:
2041-6520
Page Range / eLocation ID:
2006 to 2014
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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  3. null (Ed.)
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