This work discusses the design and fabrication of a dual-plane terahertz (THz) hologram and an extended-depth-of-focus THz diffractive lens. The dual-plane THz hologram consists of 50 × 50 diffractive optical elements with identical element pixel size 1×1 mm, and the extended-depth-of-focus THz diffractive lens is designed with 25 concentric rings with identical ring width of 1 mm, resulting in same device dimension 50 mm × 50 mm. The height of the hologram pixels and concentric rings of the diffractive lens are optimized by nonlinear optimization algorithms with scalar diffraction theory based on Ray-Sommerfeld diffraction equation. Finite-Difference Time-Domain (FDTD) simulation results agree with optimization results obtained from the scalar diffraction theory for both the THz hologram and the THz diffractive lens. The demonstrated experimental results show that the proposed THz hologram and THz diffractive lens can generate the desired diffraction patterns. These diffractive structures have the potential to be applied in areas such as THz imaging, data storage, and displays.
We demonstrate ultra-thin (1.5-3λ0), fabrication-error tolerant efficient diffractive terahertz (THz) optical elements designed using a computer-aided optimization-based search algorithm. The basic operation of these components is modeled using scalar diffraction of electromagnetic waves through a pixelated multi-level 3D-printed polymer structure. Through the proposed design framework, we demonstrate the design of various ultrathin planar THz optical elements, namely (
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Publisher / Repository:
- Nature Publishing Group
- Date Published:
- Journal Name:
- Scientific Reports
- Medium: X
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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