Spin-to-charge conversion and the reverse process are now critically important physical processes for a wide range of fundamental and applied studies in spintronics. Here, we experimentally demonstrate effective spin-to-charge conversion in thermally evaporated chromium thin films using the longitudinal spin Seebeck effect (LSSE). We present LSSE results measured near room temperature for Cr films with thicknesses from 2 to 11 nm, deposited at room temperature on bulk polycrystalline yttrium-iron-garnet (YIG) substrates. Comparison of the measured LSSE voltage, [Formula: see text], in Cr to a sputtered Pt film at the same nominal thickness grown on a matched YIG substrate shows that both films show comparably large spin-to-charge conversion. As previously shown for other forms of Cr, the LSSE signal for evaporated Cr/YIG shows the opposite sign compared to Pt, indicating that Cr has a negative spin Hall angle, [Formula: see text]. We also present measured charge resistivity, [Formula: see text], of the same evaporated Cr films on YIG. These values are large compared to Pt and comparable to [Formula: see text]-W at a similar thickness. Non-monotonic behavior of both [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] with film thickness suggests that spin-to-charge conversion in evaporated Cr, which we expect has a differentmore »
Spin thermoelectrics represents a new paradigm of thermoelectricity that has a potential to overcome the fundamental limitation posed by the Wiedmann-Franz law on the efficiency of conventional thermoelectric devices. A typical spin thermoelectric device consists of a bilayer of a magnetic insulator and a high spin-orbit coupling (SOC) metal coated over a non-magnetic substrate. Pt is the most commonly used metal in spin thermoelectric devices due to its strong SOC. In this paper, we found that an alloy of Cu and Pt can perform much better than Pt in spin thermoelectric devices. A series of CuPt alloy films with different Pt concentrations were deposited on yttrium iron garnet (YIG) films coated gadolinium gallium garnet (GGG) substrate. Through spin Seebeck measurements, it was found that the Cu0.4Pt0.6/YIG/GGG device shows almost 3 times higher spin Seebeck voltage compared to Pt/YIG/GGG under identical conditions. The improved performance was attributed to the higher resistivity as well as enhanced spin hall angle of the CuPt layer.
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- Scientific Reports
- Nature Publishing Group
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- National Science Foundation
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Negative spin Hall angle and large spin-charge conversion in thermally evaporated chromium thin films
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