La0.7Sr0.3MnO3, a strong semi-metallic ferromagnet having robust spin polarization and magnetic transition temperature (
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Abstract Manufacture and characterizations of perovskite-mica van der Waals epitaxy heterostructures are a critical step to realize the application of flexible devices. However, the fabrication and investigation of the van der Waals epitaxy architectures grown on mica substrates are mainly limited to (111)-oriented perovskite functional oxide thin films up to now and buffer layers are highly needed. In this work, we directly grew La 0.7 Sr 0.3 MnO 3 (LSMO) thin films on mica substrates without using any buffer layer. By the characterizations of x-ray diffractometer and scanning transmission electron microscopy, we demonstrate the epitaxial growth of the (110)-oriented LSMO thin film on the mica substrate. The LSMO thin film grown on the mica substrate via van der Waals epitaxy adopts domain matching epitaxy instead of conventional lattice matching epitaxy. Two kinds of domain matching relationships between the LSMO thin film and mica substrate are sketched by Visualization for Electronic and STructural Analysis software and discussed. A decent ferromagnetism retains in the (110)-oriented LSMO thin film. Our work demonstrates a new pathway to fabricate (110)-oriented functional oxide thin films on flexible mica substrates directly.
We have investigated the collective electronic and magnetic orderings of a series of La1−
xSr xMnO3thin films grown epitaxially strained to (001) oriented strontium titanate substrates as a function of doping, x, for 0 ≤ x≤ 0.4. We find that the ground states of these crystalline thin films are, in general, consistent with that observed in bulk crystals and thin film samples synthesized under a multitude of techniques. Our systematic study, however, reveal subtle features in the temperature dependent electronic transport and magnetization measurements, which presumably arise due to Jahn-Teller type distortions in the lattice for particular doping levels. For the parent compound LaMnO3( x= 0), we report evidence of a strain-induced ferromagnetic ordering in contrast to the antiferromagnetic ground state found in bulk crystals.
Advanced oxygen-electrode-supported solid oxide electrochemical cells with Sr(Ti,Fe)O 3−δ -based fuel electrodes for electricity generation and hydrogen productionSr(Ti 0.3 Fe 0.7 )O 3−δ (STF) and the associated exsolution electrodes Sr 0.95 (Ti 0.3 Fe 0.63 Ru 0.07 )O 3−δ (STFR), or Sr 0.95 (Ti 0.3 Fe 0.63 Ni 0.07 )O 3−δ (STFN) are alternatives to Ni-based cermet fuel electrodes for solid oxide electrochemical cells (SOCs). They can provide improved tolerance to redox cycling and fuel impurities, and may allow direct operation with hydrocarbon fuels. However, such perovskite-oxide-based electrodes present processing challenges for co-sintering with thin electrolytes to make fuel electrode supported SOCs. Thus, they have been mostly limited to electrolyte-supported SOCs. Here, we report the first example of the application of perovskite oxide fuel electrodes in novel oxygen electrode supported SOCs (OESCs) with thin YSZ electrolytes, and demonstrate their excellent performance. The OESCs have La 0.8 Sr 0.2 MnO 3−δ –Zr 0.92 Y 0.16 O 2−δ (LSM–YSZ) oxygen electrode-supports that are enhanced via infiltration of SrTi 0.3 Fe 0.6 Co 0.1 O 3−δ , while the fuel electrodes are either Ni-YSZ, STF, STFN, or STFR. Fuel cell power density as high as 1.12 W cm −2 is obtained at 0.7 V and 800 °C in humidified hydrogen and air with the STFR electrode, 60% higher than themore »
At crystalline interfaces where a valence-mismatch exists, electronic, and structural interactions may occur to relieve the polar mismatch, leading to the stabilization of non-bulk-like phases. We show that spontaneous reconstructions at polar La0.7Sr0.3MnO3interfaces are correlated with suppressed ferromagnetism for film thicknesses on the order of a unit cell. We investigate the structural and magnetic properties of valence-matched La0.7Sr0.3CrO3/La0.7Sr0.3MnO3interfaces using a combination of high-resolution electron microscopy, first principles theory, synchrotron X-ray scattering and magnetic spectroscopy and temperature-dependent magnetometry. A combination of an antiferromagnetic coupling between the La0.7Sr0.3CrO3and La0.7Sr0.3MnO3layers and a suppression of interfacial polar distortions are found to result in robust long-range ferromagnetic ordering for ultrathin La0.7Sr0.3MnO3. These results underscore the critical importance of interfacial structural and magnetic interactions in the design of devices based on two-dimensional oxide magnetic systems.
Probing magnetic anisotropy in epitaxial La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 thin films and nanostructures via planar Hall effectThe ability to control and manipulate magnetic anisotropy in the colossal magnetoresistive (CMR) oxide (La,Sr)MnO3 (LSMO) is critical for its implementation in magnetic memory applications. In this work, we employ the planar Hall effect (PHE) as a powerful tool to probe the magnetic anisotropy in LSMO thin films and nanostructures, where the magnetization is too small to be detected by conventional magnetometry techniques. By analyzing the angular- and magnetic field-dependences of the PHE, we deduced an in-plane biaxial magnetocrystalline anisotropy (MCA) energy of ~1.2x10^5 erg/cm^2 in LSMO thin films fully strained on (001) SrTiO3 substrates. Creating nanoscale periodic depth modulation in LSMO establishes a uniaxial anisotropy with substantially enhanced MCA energy density, which is attributed to a high strain gradient sustained in the nanostructure. The energy competition between the biaxial and uniaxial MCA leads to multi-level resistance switching behavior in properly engineered LSMO nanostructures, which can be utilized to design the switching dynamics in magnetic memory devices. Our work points to the critical role of epitaxial strain in determining the MCA in CMR oxides, and provides an effective material strategy for engineering the magnetic properties of LSMO for novel spintronic applications with high thermal stability and high density data storage.