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Title: Strong anthropogenic control of secondary organic aerosol formation from isoprene in Beijing
Abstract. Isoprene-derived secondary organic aerosol (iSOA) is a significantcontributor to organic carbon (OC) in some forested regions, such astropical rainforests and the Southeastern US. However, its contribution toorganic aerosol in urban areas that have high levels of anthropogenicpollutants is poorly understood. In this study, we examined the formation ofanthropogenically influenced iSOA during summer in Beijing, China. Localisoprene emissions and high levels of anthropogenic pollutants, inparticular NOx and particulate SO42-, led to the formation ofiSOA under both high- and low-NO oxidation conditions, with significantheterogeneous transformations of isoprene-derived oxidation products toparticulate organosulfates (OSs) and nitrooxy-organosulfates (NOSs).Ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to high-resolution massspectrometry was combined with a rapid automated data processing techniqueto quantify 31 proposed iSOA tracers in offline PM2.5 filterextracts. The co-elution of the inorganic ions in the extracts caused matrixeffects that impacted two authentic standards differently. The averageconcentration of iSOA OSs and NOSs was 82.5 ng m−3, which was around 3 timeshigher than the observed concentrations of their oxygenated precursors(2-methyltetrols and 2-methylglyceric acid). OS formation was dependant onboth photochemistry and the sulfate available for reactive uptake, as shown by astrong correlation with the product of ozone (O3) and particulatesulfate (SO42-). A greater proportion of high-NO OS products wereobserved in Beijing compared with previous studies in less pollutedenvironments. The iSOA-derived OSs and NOSs represented 0.62 %of the oxidized organic aerosol measured by aerosol mass spectrometry on average, butthis increased to ∼3 % on certain days. These resultsindicate for the first time that iSOA formation in urban Beijing is stronglycontrolled by anthropogenic emissions and results in extensive conversion toOS products from heterogenous reactions.  more » « less
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Date Published:
Journal Name:
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Page Range / eLocation ID:
7531 to 7552
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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