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Title: Heterogeneous Hydroxyl Radical Oxidation of Isoprene-Epoxydiol-Derived Methyltetrol Sulfates: Plausible Formation Mechanisms of Previously Unexplained Organosulfates in Ambient Fine Aerosols
Methyltetrol sulfates are unique tracers for secondary organic aerosols (SOA) formed from acid-driven multiphase chemistry of isoprene-derived epoxydiols. 2-Methyltetrol sulfate diastereomers (2-MTSs) are the dominant isomers and single most-abundant SOA tracers in atmospheric fine particulate matter (PM2.5), but their atmospheric sinks remain unknown. We investigated the oxidative aging of authentic 2-MTS aerosols by gas-phase hydroxyl radicals (•OH) at a relative humidity of 61 ± 1%. The effective rate constant for this heterogeneous reaction was determined as 4.9 ± 0.6 × 10–13 cm3 molecules–1 s–1, corresponding to an atmospheric lifetime of 16 ± 2 days (assuming an •OH concentration of 1.5 × 106 molecules cm–3). Chemical changes to 2-MTSs were monitored by hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography interfaced to electrospray ionization high-resolution quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HILIC/ESI-HR-QTOFMS). Plausible reaction mechanisms are proposed for previously unknown OSs detected in atmospheric PM2.5 at mass-to-charge ratios (m/z) of 139 (C2H3O5S–), 155 (C2H3O6S–), 169 (C3H5O6S–), 171 (C3H7O6S–), 185 (C3H5O7S–), 199 (C4H7O7S–), 211 (C5H7O7S–), 213 (C5H9O7S–), 227 (C5H7O8S–), 229 (C5H9O8S–), and 231 (C5H11O8S–). Heterogeneous •OH oxidation of 2-MTSs redistributes the particulate sulfur speciation into more oxygenated/functionalized OSs, likely modifying the aerosol physicochemical properties of SOA containing 2-MTSs.
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Award ID(s):
1703535 1703019
Publication Date:
Journal Name:
Environmental Science & Technology Letters
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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