Strong many-body interaction in two-dimensional transitional metal dichalcogenides provides a unique platform to study the interplay between different quasiparticles, such as prominent phonon replica emission and modified valley-selection rules. A large out-of-plane magnetic field is expected to modify the exciton-phonon interactions by quantizing excitons into discrete Landau levels, which is largely unexplored. Here, we observe the Landau levels originating from phonon-exciton complexes and directly probe exciton-phonon interaction under a quantizing magnetic field. Phonon-exciton interaction lifts the inter-Landau-level transition selection rules for dark trions, manifested by a distinctively different Landau fan pattern compared to bright trions. This allows us to experimentally extract the effective mass of both holes and electrons. The onset of Landau quantization coincides with a significant increase of the valley-Zeeman shift, suggesting strong many-body effects on the phonon-exciton interaction. Our work demonstrates monolayer WSe2as an intriguing playground to study phonon-exciton interactions and their interplay with charge, spin, and valley.
The use of valley excitonic states of transition metal dichalcogenides to store and manipulate information is hampered by fast carrier recombination and short valley lifetime. We propose theoretically a scheme to overcome such an obstacle, by applying a tilted exchange field through the magnetic proximity effect on monolayer MoS2. While the in-plane component of the exchange field brightens the dark exciton by spin mixing, the out-of-plane field can effectively gate the emission with an ON/OFF ratio of 2700. Importantly, the brightening is valley selective, leading to nearly 100% valley and spin polarization at room temperature. The resulting strongly gateable dark-exciton emission with long lifetime and near unity valley polarization makes it convenient to manipulate the valley degree of freedom, which may offer new paradigm for information processing and transmission.
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- npj Computational Materials
- Nature Publishing Group
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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