Forcespinning technique was used to fabricate sub-micron size polycaprolactone (PCL) fibers. Forcespinning method uses centrifugal forces for the generation of fibers unlike the electrospinning method which uses electrostatic force. PCL has been extensively used as scaffolds for cell regeneration, substrates for tissue engineering and in drug delivery systems. The aim of this study is to qualitatively analyze the force spun fiber mats and investigate the effect of the spinneret rotational speed on the fiber morphology, thermal and mechanical properties. The extracted fibers were characterized by scanning electron microscopy differential scanning calorimetry, tensile testing and dynamic mechanical analysis. The results showed that higher rotational speeds produced uniform fibers with less number of beads. The crystallinity of the fibers decreased with increase in rotational speeds. The Young’s modulus of the forcespun fibers was found to be in the range of 3.5 to 6 MPa. Storage and loss moduli decreased with the increase in the fiber diameter. The fibers collected at farther distance from spinneret exhibited optimal mechanical properties compared to the fibers collected at shorter distances. This study will aid in extracting fibers with uniform geometries and lower beads to achieve the desired nanofiber drug release properties.
Bioinspired cellular sheath-core electrospun non-woven mesh
Fibers are valuable to biomedical applications. Used as sutures or meshes, there is an increased dual need to provide functionality such as drug delivery. Porosity represents a high surface area to volume architecture. Coaxial fibers with porous and non-porous layers offer a new design framework for fiber design that can resolve dual needs of mechanical robustness with transport phenomena. Using preferential solubility of a polymer in supercritical CO2, we develop a new architecture using biocompatible polymers based on porous core-sheath fiber fabrication technique. Polycaprolactone was selected as the CO2 miscible phase and Poly(butyrate adipate terephthalate)(PBAT) as the immiscible phase. The mechanical performance of the fibers was investigated using quasi static and dynamic loading. SEM images indicate no physical detachment of the two polymer surface after CO2 exposure indicating a successful amalgamation of polymers at the boundary of core and sheath. PCL as a sheath and as a core showed an increase of 650% and 468% in tensile strength compared to pristine PCL and PBAT. Introduction of porosity on the surface of coaxial fiber fPCL(cPBAT) further enhanced the yield strength increases by 40%. Dynamic mechanical analysis was used to analyze the viscoelastic properties of the fibers. The storage and loss modulus more »
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- Emergent materials
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