Show Me How You Interact, I Will Tell You What You Think: Exploring the Effect of the Interaction Style on Users’ Sensemaking about Correlation and Causation in Data
Findings from embodied cognition suggest that our whole body (not just our eyes) plays an important role in how we make sense of data when we interact with data visualizations. In this paper, we present the results of a study that explores how different designs of the ”interaction” (with a data visualization) alter the way in which people report and discuss correlation and causation in data. We conducted a lab study with two experimental conditions: Full body (participants interacted with a 65” display showing geo-referenced data using gestures and body movements); and, Gamepad (people used a joypad to control the system). Participants tended to agree less with statements that portray correlation and causation in data after using the Gamepad system. Additionally, discourse analysis based on Conceptual Metaphor Theory revealed that users made fewer remarks based on FORCE schemata in Gamepad than in Full-Body.