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Title: Exceptionally high electronic mobility in defect-rich Eu 2 ZnSb 2−x Bi x alloys
The Zintl compound Eu 2 ZnSb 2 was recently shown to have a promising thermoelectric figure of merit, zT ∼ 1 at 823 K, due to its low lattice thermal conductivity and high electronic mobility. In the current study, we show that further increases to the electronic mobility and simultaneous reductions to the lattice thermal conductivity can be achieved by isovalent alloying with Bi on the Sb site in the Eu 2 ZnSb 2−x Bi x series ( x = 0, 0.25, 1, 2). Upon alloying with Bi, the effective mass decreases and the mobility linearly increases, showing no signs of reduction due to alloy scattering. Analysis of the pair distribution functions obtained from synchrotron X-ray diffraction revealed significant local structural distortions caused by the half-occupied Zn site in this structure type. It is all the more surprising, therefore, to find that Eu 2 ZnBi 2 possesses high electronic mobility (∼100 cm 2 V −1 s −1 ) comparable to that of AM 2 X 2 Zintl compounds. The enormous degree of disorder in this series gives rise to exceptionally low lattice thermal conductivity, which is further reduced by Bi substitution due to the decreased speed of sound. Increasing the more » Bi content was also found to decrease the band gap while increasing the carrier concentration by two orders of magnitude. Applying a single parabolic band model suggests that Bi-rich compositions of Eu 2 ZnSb 2−x Bi x have the potential for significantly improved zT ; however, further optimization is necessary through reduction of the carrier concentration to realize high zT . « less
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Award ID(s):
1709158
Publication Date:
NSF-PAR ID:
10183011
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume:
8
Issue:
12
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
6004 to 6012
ISSN:
2050-7488
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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