Scientific communities are increasingly adopting machine learning and deep learning models in their applications to accelerate scientific insights. High performance computing systems are pushing the frontiers of performance with a rich diversity of hardware resources and massive scale-out capabilities. There is a critical need to understand fair and effective benchmarking of machine learning applications that are representative of real-world scientific use cases. MLPerf ™ is a community-driven standard to benchmark machine learning workloads, focusing on end-to-end performance metrics. In this paper, we introduce MLPerf HPC, a benchmark suite of large-scale scientific machine learning training applications, driven by the MLCommons ™ Association. We present the results from the first submission round including a diverse set of some of the world’s largest HPC systems. We develop a systematic framework for their joint analysis and compare them in terms of data staging, algorithmic convergence and compute performance. As a result, we gain a quantitative understanding of optimizations on different subsystems such as staging and on-node loading of data, compute-unit utilization and communication scheduling enabling overall >10× (end-to-end) performance improvements through system scaling. Notably, our analysis shows a scale-dependent interplay between the dataset size, a system’s memory hierarchy and training convergence that underlines themore »
Union: An Automatic Workload Manager for Accelerating Network Simulation
With the rapid growth of the machine learning applications, the workloads of future HPC systems are anticipated to be a mix of scientific simulation, big data analytics, and machine learning applications. Simulation is a great research vehicle to understand the performance implications of co-running scientific applications with big data and machine learning workloads on large-scale systems. In this paper, we present Union, a workload manager that provides an automatic framework to facilitate hybrid workload simulation in CODES. Furthermore, we use Union, along with CODES, to investigate various hybrid workloads composed of traditional simulation applications and emerging learning applications on two dragonfly systems. The experiment results show that both message latency and communication time are important performance metrics to evaluate network interference. Network interference on HPC applications is more reflected by the message latency variation, whereas ML application performance depends more on the communication time.
- Publication Date:
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Journal Name:
- 2020 IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium (IPDPS)
- Page Range or eLocation-ID:
- 821 to 830
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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