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Title: “Hiding” a low-intensity 50  Gbit/s QPSK free-space OAM beam using an orthogonal coaxial high-intensity 50  Gbit/s QPSK beam

In this paper, we experimentally demonstrate an approach that “hides” a low-intensity 50 Gbit/s quadrature-phase-keying (QPSK) free-space optical beam when it coaxially propagates on the same wavelength with an orthogonal high-intensity 50 Gbit/s QPSK optical beam. Our approach is to coaxially transmit the strong and weak beams carrying different orthogonal spatial modes within a modal basis set, e.g., orbital angular momentum (OAM) modes. Although the weak beam has much lower power than that of the strong beam, and the beams are in the same frequency band and on the same polarization, the two beams can still be effectively demultiplexed with little inherent crosstalk at the intended receiver due to their spatial orthogonality. However, an eavesdropper may not readily identify the weak beam when simply analyzing the spatial intensity profile. The correlation coefficient between the intensity profiles of the strong beam and the combined strong and weak beams is measured to characterize the potential for “hiding” a weak beam when measuring intensity profiles. Such a correlation coefficient is demonstrated to be higher than 0.997 when the power difference between the strong fundamental Gaussian beam and the weak OAM beam is∼<#comment/>8,∼<#comment/>10, and∼<#comment/>10dBfor the weak OAM−<#comment/>1,−<#comment/>2, and−<#comment/>3beams, respectively. Moreover, a 50 Gbit/s QPSK data link having itsQfactor above the 7% forward error correction limit is realized when the power of the weak OAM−<#comment/>3beam is 30 dB lower than that of the strong fundamental Gaussian beam.

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Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publisher / Repository:
Optical Society of America
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Applied Optics
1559-128X; APOPAI
Page Range / eLocation ID:
Article No. 7448
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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