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Title: Polypyrrole coated δ-MnO 2 nanosheet arrays as a highly stable lithium-ion-storage anode
Manganese dioxide (MnO 2 ) with a conversion mechanism is regarded as a promising anode material for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) owing to its high theoretical capacity (∼1223 mA h g −1 ) and environmental benignity as well as low cost. However, it suffers from insufficient rate capability and poor cyclic stability. To circumvent this obstacle, semiconducting polypyrrole coated-δ-MnO 2 nanosheet arrays on nickel foam (denoted as MnO 2 @PPy/NF) are prepared via hydrothermal growth of MnO 2 followed by the electrodeposition of PPy on the anode in LIBs. The electrode with ∼50 nm thick PPy coating exhibits an outstanding overall electrochemical performance. Specifically, a high rate capability is obtained with ∼430 mA h g −1 of discharge capacity at a high current density of 2.67 A g −1 and more than 95% capacity is retained after over 120 cycles at a current rate of 0.86 A g −1 . These high electrochemical performances are attributed to the special structure which shortens the ion diffusion pathway, accelerates charge transfer, and alleviates volume change in the charging/discharging process, suggesting a promising route for designing a conversion-type anode material for LIBs.
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Publication Date:
Journal Name:
Dalton Transactions
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
7903 to 7913
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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