skip to main content

Title: Quantitative 3D structural analysis of the cellular microstructure of sea urchin spines (II): Large-volume structural analysis
; ; ; ; ;
Award ID(s):
Publication Date:
Journal Name:
Acta Biomaterialia
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
218 to 231
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. Phosphinodiboranates (H 3 BPR 2 BH 3 − ) are a class of borohydrides that have merited a reputation as weakly coordinating anions, which is attributed in part to the dearth of coordination complexes known with transition metals, lanthanides, and actinides. We recently reported how K(H 3 BP t Bu 2 BH 3 ) exhibits sluggish salt elimination reactivity with f-metal halides in organic solvents such as Et 2 O and THF. Here we report how this reactivity appears to be further attenuated in solution when the t Bu groups attached to phosphorus are exchanged for R = Ph or H, and we describe how mechanochemistry was used to overcome limited solution reactivity with K(H 3 BPPh 2 BH 3 ). Grinding three equivalents of K(H 3 BPPh 2 BH 3 ) with UI 3 (THF) 4 or LnI 3 (Ln = Ce, Pr, Nd) allowed homoleptic complexes with the empirical formulas U(H 3 BPPh 2 BH 3 ) 3 (1), Ce(H 3 BPPh 2 BH 3 ) 3 (2), Pr(H 3 BPPh 2 BH 3 ) 3 (3), and Nd(H 3 BPPh 2 BH 3 ) 3 (4) to be prepared and subsequently crystallized in good yields (50–80%). Single-crystalmore »XRD studies revealed that all four complexes exist as dimers or coordination polymers in the solid-state, whereas 1 H and 11 B NMR spectra showed that they exist as a mixture of monomers and dimers in solution. Treating 4 with THF breaks up the dimer to yield the monomeric complex Nd(H 3 BPPh 2 BH 3 ) 3 (THF) 3 (4-THF). XRD studies revealed that 4-THF has one chelating and two dangling H 3 BPPh 2 BH 3 − ligands bound to the metal to accommodate binding of THF. In contrast to the results with K(H 3 BPPh 2 BH 3 ), attempting the same mechanochemical reactions with Na(H 3 BPH 2 BH 3 ) containing the simplest phosphinodiboranate were unsuccessful; only the partial metathesis product U(H 3 BPH 2 BH 3 )I 2 (THF) 3 (5) was isolated in poor yields. Despite these limitations, our results offer new examples showing how mechanochemistry can be used to rapidly synthesize molecular coordination complexes that are otherwise difficult to prepare using more traditional solution methods.« less