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Title: Trace Element and Isotopic Evidence for Recycled Lithosphere from Basalts from 48 to 53°E, Southwest Indian Ridge
Abstract Mantle source heterogeneity and magmatic processes have been widely studied beneath most parts of the Southwest Indian Ridge (SWIR). But less is known from the newly recovered mid-ocean ridge basalts from the Dragon Bone Amagmatic Segment (53°E, SWIR) and the adjacent magmatically robust Dragon Flag Segment. Fresh basalt glasses from the Dragon Bone Segment are clearly more enriched in isotopic composition than the adjacent Dragon Flag basalts, but the trace element ratios of the Dragon Flag basalts are more extreme compared with average mid-ocean ridge basalts (MORB) than the Dragon Bone basalts. Their geochemical differences can be explained only by source differences rather than by variations in degree of melting of a roughly similar source. The Dragon Flag basalts are influenced by an arc-like mantle component as evidenced by enrichment in fluid-mobile over fluid-immobile elements. However, the sub-ridge mantle at the Dragon Flag Segment is depleted in melt component compared with a normal MORB source owing to previous melting in the subarc. This fluid-metasomatized, subarc depleted mantle is entrained beneath the Dragon Flag Segment. In comparison, for the Dragon Bone axial basalts, their Pb isotopic compositions and their slight enrichment in Ba, Nb, Ta, K, La, Sr and Zr and depletion in Pb and Ti concentrations show resemblance to the Ejeda–Bekily dikes of Madagascar. Also, Dragon Bone Sr and Nd isotopic compositions together with the Ce/Pb, La/Nb and La/Th ratios can be modeled by mixing the most isotopically depleted Dragon Flag basalts with a composition within the range of the Ejeda–Bekily dikes. It is therefore proposed that the Dragon Bone axial basalts, similar to the Ejeda–Bekily dikes, are sourced from subcontinental lithospheric Archean mantle beneath Gondwana, pulled from beneath the Madagascar Plateau. The recycling of the residual subarc mantle and the subcontinental lithospheric mantle could be related to either the breakup of Gondwana or the formation and accretion of Neoproterozoic island arc terranes during the collapse of the Mozambique Ocean, and is now present beneath the ridge.  more » « less
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Journal of Petrology
Medium: X
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National Science Foundation
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