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Title: Salt bridges govern the structural heterogeneity of heme protein interactions and porphyrin networks: microperoxidase-11
In this work, a proteolytic digest of cytochrome c (microperoxidase 11, MP-11) was used as a model to study the structural aspects of heme protein interactions and porphyrin networks. The MP-11 structural heterogeneity was studied as a function of the starting pH ( e.g. , pH 3.1–6.1) and concentration ( e.g. , 1–50 μM) conditions and adduct coordination. Trapped ion mobility spectrometry coupled to mass spectrometry (TIMS-MS) showed the MP-11 structural dependence of the charge state distribution and molecular ion forms with the starting pH conditions. The singly charged ( e.g. , [M] + , [M − 2H + NH 4 ] + , [M − H + Na] + and [M − H + K] + ) and doubly charged ( e.g. , [M + H] 2+ , [M − H + NH 4 ] 2+ , [M + Na] 2+ and [M + K] 2+ ) molecular ion forms were observed for all solvent conditions, although the structural heterogeneity ( e.g. , number of mobility bands) significantly varied with the pH value and ion form. The MP-11 dimer formation as a model for heme-protein protein interactions showed that dimer formation is favored toward more neutral pH and favored when assisted by salt bridges ( e.g. , NH 4 + , Na + and K + vs. H + ). Inspection of the dimer mobility profiles (2+ and 3+ charge states) showed a high degree of structural heterogeneity as a function of the solution pH and ion form; the observation of common mobility bands suggest that the different salt bridges can stabilize similar structural motifs. In addition, the salt bridge influence on the MP-11 dimer formations was measured using collision induced dissociation and showed a strong dependence with the type of salt bridge ( i.e. , a CE 50 of 10.0, 11.5, 11.8 and 13.0 eV was observed for [2M + H] 3+ , [2M − H + NH 4 ] 3+ , [2M + Na] 3+ and [2M + K] 3+ , respectively). Measurements of the dimer equilibrium constant showed that the salt bridge interactions increase the binding strength of the dimeric species.  more » « less
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Journal Name:
RSC Advances
Page Range / eLocation ID:
33861 to 33867
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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