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Title: The Inner Disk of RY Tau: Evidence of Stellar Occultation by the Disk Atmosphere at the Sublimation Rim from K -band Continuum Interferometry
Award ID(s):
1636624 1715788
Author(s) / Creator(s):
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Date Published:
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal
Page Range / eLocation ID:
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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  3. Context. In the past few years, there has been a rise in the detection of streamers, asymmetric flows of material directed toward the protostellar disk with material from outside a star’s natal core. It is unclear how they affect the process of mass accretion, in particular beyond the Class 0 phase. Aims. We investigate the gas kinematics around Per-emb-50, a Class I source in the crowded star-forming region NGC 1333. Our goal is to study how the mass infall proceeds from envelope to disk scales in this source. Methods. We use new NOEMA 1.3 mm observations, including C 18 O, H 2 CO, and SO, in the context of the PRODIGE MPG – IRAM program, to probe the core and envelope structures toward Per-emb-50. Results. We discover a streamer delivering material toward Per-emb-50 in H 2 CO and C 18 O emission. The streamer’s emission can be well described by the analytic solutions for an infalling parcel of gas along a streamline with conserved angular momentum, both in the image plane and along the line-of-sight velocities. The streamer has a mean infall rate of 1.3 × 10 −6 M ⊙ yr− 1 , five to ten times higher than the current accretion rate of the protostar. SO and SO 2 emission reveal asymmetric infall motions in the inner envelope, additional to the streamer around Per-emb-50. Furthermore, the presence of SO 2 could mark the impact zone of the infalling material. Conclusions. The streamer delivers sufficient mass to sustain the protostellar accretion rate and might produce an accretion burst, which would explain the protostar’s high luminosity with respect to other Class I sources. Our results highlight the importance of late infall for protostellar evolution: streamers might provide a significant amount of mass for stellar accretion after the Class 0 phase. 
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