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Title: Enhanced radiative and thermal properties from surface encapsulation of InAs nanowires

In this work, photoluminescence (PL), quantum efficiency and carrier dynamics are investigated in indium arsenide (InAs) nanowires (NWs) with various surface treatments, including a molecular beam epitaxy (MBE)-grown semiconductor shell passivation, sulfur-passivation, alumina (Al2O3) coating by atomic layer deposition (ALD) and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) spin-coating. The ALD-dielectric layer-coated InAs core-shell NWs show a maximum 13-fold increase in PL intensity. In contrast to the previous reports, this enhancement is found to be due to increased radiative rate from an enhanced Purcell factor, better thermal conductance and higher carrier injection within the NWs instead of improved surface quality. Numeric simulations confirm the experimentally observed increased radiative rate. Further improvements are suggested with even thicker capped InAs NWs. Carrier lifetime in surface-treated NWs is extended and shows long-term stability, critical for practical devices.

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Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ; ; ;
Publisher / Repository:
Optical Society of America
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Optical Materials Express
Page Range / eLocation ID:
Article No. 719
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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