- NSF-PAR ID:
- Date Published:
- Journal Name:
- Nanoscale Advances
- Page Range / eLocation ID:
- 3276 to 3283
- Medium: X
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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Bi 3 MoM T O 9 (BMoM T O; M T , transition metals of Mn, Fe, Co and Ni) thin films with a layered supercell structure have been deposited on LaAlO 3 (001) substrates by pulsed laser deposition. Microstructural analysis suggests that pillar-like domains with higher transition metal concentration ( e.g. , Mn, Fe, Co and Ni) are embedded in the Mo-rich matrix with layered supercell structures. The layered supercell structure of the BMoM T O thin films accounts for the anisotropic multifunctionalities such as the magnetic easy axis along the in-plane direction, and the anisotropic optical properties. Ferroelectricity and ferromagnetism have been demonstrated in the thin films at room temperature, which confirms the multiferroic nature of the system. By varying the transition metal M T in the film, the band gaps of the BMoM T O films can be effectively tuned from 2.44 eV to 2.82 eV, while the out-of-plane dielectric constant of the thin films also varies. The newly discovered layered nanocomposite systems present their potential in ferroelectrics, multiferroics and non-linear optics.more » « less
To investigate the role of interlayers on the growth, microstructure, and physical properties of 3D nanocomposite frameworks, a set of novel 3D vertically aligned nanocomposite (VAN) frameworks are assembled by a relatively thin interlayer (M) sandwiched by two consecutively grown La0.7Sr0.3MnO3(LSMO)‐ZnO VANs layers. ZnO nanopillars from the two VAN layers and the interlayer (M) create a heterogeneous 3D frame embedded in the LSMO matrix. The interlayer (M) includes yttria‐stabilized zirconia (YSZ), CeO2, SrTiO3, BaTiO3, and MgO with in‐plane matching distances increasing from ≈3.63 to ≈4.21 Å, and expected in‐plane strains ranging from tensile (≈8.81% on YSZ interlayer) to compressive (≈–6.23% on MgO interlayer). The metal‐insulator transition temperature increases from ≈133 K (M = YSZ) to ≈252 K (M = MgO), and the low‐field magnetoresistance peak value is tuned from ≈36.7% to ≈20.8%. The 3D heterogeneous frames empower excellent tunable magnetotransport properties and promising potentials for microstructure‐enabled applications.
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Combinatorial growth is capable of creating a compositional gradient for thin film materials and thus has been adopted to explore composition variation mostly for metallic alloy thin films and some dopant concentrations for ceramic thin films. This study uses a combinatorial pulsed laser deposition method to successfully fabricate two‐phase oxide–oxide vertically aligned nanocomposite (VAN) thin films of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3(LSMO)‐NiO with variable composition across the film area. The LSMO‐NiO compositional gradient across the film alters the two‐phase morphology of the VAN through varying nanopillar size and density. Additionally, the magnetic anisotropy and magnetoresistance properties of the nanocomposite thin films increase with increasing NiO composition. This demonstration of a combinatorial method for VAN growth can increase the efficiency of nanocomposite thin film research by allowing all possible compositions of thin film materials to be explored in a single deposition.
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