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In order to fully understand the thermo-hydro-mechanical behavior of the geotechnical infrastructures, the effects of temperature variations on soil properties and soil behavior have to be studied. Hydraulic conductivity, strength, volume change, moisture content, and pore pressure generation and dissipation rates depend on temperature variations. Thermal loading might induce excess pore water pressure and volumetric changes. Temperature changes in the fine-grained soils will cause expansion in water and soil particles. Since the coefficient of expansion for soil particles is much smaller than that for water, a generation of pore water pressure is expected. This thermally induced pore water pressure and then its dissipation during the relaxation period results in a time dependent consolidation. Thermal consolidation in fine grained soil is more dominant and can be irreversible in normally consolidated clay. However, the volumetric changes of highly over consolidated soil caused by temperature increment is reversible by temperature reduction. In this research, a modified consolidation testing device is used to study the effect of temperature increments (e.g., increasing step by step temperature increments to 80ºC) on the consolidation of fine grained soils. In another words the effect of temperature increments during the test on the consolidation process is studied. Time ofmore »
Calibrations of the PM4Silt constitutive model are presented for two low-plasticity fine-grained soils that exhibit significantly different cyclic loading be-haviors. The PM4Silt model is a stress-ratio controlled, critical state compatible, bounding surface plasticity model that was recently developed for representing low-plasticity silts and clays in geotechnical earthquake engineering applications. The low-plasticity clayey silt and silty clay examined herein were reconstituted mixtures of silica silt and kaolin with plasticity indices (PIs) of 6 and 20. Un-drained monotonic and undrained cyclic direct simple shear (DSS) tests were per-formed on normally consolidated, slurry deposited specimens. Calibration of the PM4Silt model was based on the monotonic and cyclic DSS test data, plus em-pirical relationships for strain-dependent secant shear moduli and equivalent damping ratios. The calibration process and performance of the PM4Silt constitu-tive model are described for each soil. The results illustrate that PM4Silt is capa-ble of reasonably approximating a range of monotonic and cyclic loading behav-iors important to many earthquake engineering applications and is relatively easy to calibrate.
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Artificial sand analogs were 3D printed from X-ray CT scans of sub-rounded and sub-angular natural sands. Triaxial compression tests were performed to characterize the strength and dilatancy behavior as well as critical staste parameters of the 3D printed sands and to compare it to that exhibited by the natural sands.