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Title: Membrane-supported metal organic framework based nanopacked bed for protection against toxic vapors and gases
Defense against small molecule toxic gases is an important aspect of protection against chemical and biological threat as well as chemical releases from industrial accidents. Current protective respirators/garments cannot effectively block small molecule toxic gases and vapors and retain moisture transmission capability without a heavy burden. Here, we developed a nanopacked bed of nanoparticles of UiO-66-NH₂ metal organic framework (MOF) by synthesizing them in the pores of microporous expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) membranes. The submicron scale size of membrane pores ensures a large surface area of MOF nanoparticles which can capture/adsorb and react with toxic gas molecules efficiently. It was demonstrated that the microporous ePTFE membrane with UiO-66-NH₂ MOF grown inside and around the membrane can defend against ammonia for a significant length of time while allowing passage of moisture and nitrogen. It was also demonstrated that the MOF-loaded ePTFE membrane could provide significant protection from Cl₂ intrusion as well as intrusion from 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide (CEES) (a simulant for sulfur mustard). Such MOF-filled membranes exhausted by NH₃ breakthrough experiments were regenerated conveniently by heating at 60 °C for one week under vacuum for further/repeated use; a single regenerated membrane could block NH₃ for 200–300 min. The moisture permeability of such more » a membrane/nanopacked bed was considerably above the breathability threshold value of 2000 g/m² -day. The results suggest that microporous membranes filled with reactive MOF nanoparticles could be designed as protective barriers against toxic gases/vapors, e.g., NH₃ and Cl₂ and yet be substantially permeable to H₂O and air. « less
Authors:
; ; ; ;
Award ID(s):
1822130
Publication Date:
NSF-PAR ID:
10252878
Journal Name:
Separation and purification technology
Volume:
251
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
117406
ISSN:
1383-5866
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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