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Title: Production and application of manure nitrogen and phosphorus in the United States since 1860
Abstract. Livestock manure nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) play an importantrole in biogeochemical cycling. Accurate estimation of manure nutrient isimportant for assessing regional nutrient balance, greenhouse gas emission,and water environmental risk. Currently, spatially explicit manure nutrientdatasets over a century-long period are scarce in the United States (US).Here, we developed four datasets of annual animal manure N and P productionand application in the contiguous US at a 30 arcsec resolution overthe period of 1860–2017. The dataset combined multiple data sourcesincluding county-level inventory data as well as high-resolution livestockand crop maps. The total production of manure N and P increased from 1.4 Tg N yr−1 and 0.3 Tg P yr−1 in 1860 to 7.4 Tg N yr−1 and 2.3 Tg P yr−1 in 2017, respectively. The increasing manure nutrient productionwas associated with increased livestock numbers before the 1980s andenhanced livestock weights after the 1980s. The manure application amountwas primarily dominated by production, and its spatial pattern was impactedby the nutrient demand of crops. The intense-application region mainlyenlarged from the Midwest toward the southern US and became moreconcentrated in numerous hot spots after the 1980s. The South Atlantic–Gulf and Mid-Atlantic basins were exposed to high environmental risks due to theenrichment of manure nutrient production and application from the 1970s tothe period of 2000–2017. Our long-term manure more » N and P datasets providedetailed information for national and regional assessments of nutrientbudgets. Additionally, the datasets can serve as the input data forecosystem and hydrological models to examine biogeochemical cycles interrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Datasets are available at (Bian etal., 2020). « less
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Journal Name:
Earth System Science Data
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
515 to 527
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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