Existing learning to rank models for information retrieval are trained based on explicit or implicit query-document relevance information. In this paper, we study the task of learning a retrieval model based on user-item interactions. Our model has potential applications to the systems with rich user-item interaction data, such as browsing and recommendation, in which having an accurate search engine is desired. This includes media streaming services and e-commerce websites among others. Inspired by the neural approaches to collaborative filtering and the language modeling approaches to information retrieval, our model is jointly optimized to predict user-item interactions and reconstruct the item textual descriptions. In more details, our model learns user and item representations such that they can accurately predict future user-item interactions, while generating an effective unigram language model for each item. Our experiments on four diverse datasets in the context of movie and product search and recommendation demonstrate that our model substantially outperforms competitive retrieval baselines, in addition to providing comparable performance to state-of-the-art hybrid recommendation models.
A Zero Attentive Relevance Matching Network for Review Modeling in Recommendation System
User and item reviews are valuable for the construction of recommender systems. In general, existing review-based methods for recommendation can be broadly categorized into two groups: the siamese models that build static user and item representations from their reviews respectively, and the interaction-based models that encode user and item dynamically according to the similarity or relationships of their reviews. Although the interaction-based models have more model capacity and fit human purchasing behavior better, several problematic model designs and assumptions of the existing interaction-based models lead to its suboptimal performance compared to existing siamese models. In this paper, we identify three problems of the existing interaction-based recommendation models and propose a couple of solutions as well as a new interaction-based model to incorporate review data for rating prediction. Our model implements a relevance matching model with regularized training losses to discover user relevant information from long item reviews, and it also adapts a zero attention strategy to dynamically balance the item-dependent and item-independent information extracted from user reviews. Empirical experiments and case studies on Amazon Product Benchmark datasets show that our model can extract effective and interpretable user/item representations from their reviews and outperforms multiple types of state-of-the-art review-based recommendation models.
- Award ID(s):
- Publication Date:
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Journal Name:
- European Conference on Information Retrieval
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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