skip to main content

Title: Dissociative Photoionization of Methyl Vinyl Ketone−Thermochemical Anchors and a Drifting Methyl Group
Award ID(s):
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
The Journal of Physical Chemistry A
Page Range / eLocation ID:
848 to 856
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. The title salt, C 4 H 6 N 3 O 2 + ·Cl − , exhibits multiple hydrogen-bonding interactions involving the nitroimidazolium cation and the chloride anion. Strong hydrogen bonds between the amine hydrogen atom and the chloride anion link the ionic moieties. Of note, with respect to H...Cl interactions, the central aromatic hydrogen atom displays a shorter interaction than the other aromatic hydrogen atom. Finally, interactions are observed between the nitro moiety and methyl H atoms. While no π–π stacking is observed, anion-π interactions are present. The crystal was refined as a two-component twin. 
    more » « less
  2. The structure of the title compound, C8H7IO3, at 90 K has monoclinic (P21/c) symmetry. The extended structure is layered and displays intermolecular and intramolecular hydrogen bonding arising from the same OH group.

    more » « less
  3. Abstract

    Methyl salicylate imparts a potent flavor and aroma described as medicinal and wintergreen that is undesirable in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) fruit. Plants control the quantities of methyl salicylate through a variety of biosynthetic pathways, including the methylation of salicylic acid to form methyl salicylate and subsequent glycosylation to prevent methyl salicylate emission. Here, we identified a subclade of tomato methyl esterases, SALICYLIC ACID METHYL ESTERASE1-4, responsible for demethylation of methyl salicylate to form salicylic acid in fruits. This family was identified by proximity to a highly significant methyl salicylate genome-wide association study locus on chromosome 2. Genetic mapping studies in a biparental population confirmed a major methyl salicylate locus on chromosome 2. Fruits from SlMES1 knockout lines emitted significantly (P < 0,05, t test) higher amounts of methyl salicylate than wild-type fruits. Double and triple mutants of SlMES2, SlMES3, and SlMES4 emitted even more methyl salicylate than SlMES1 single knockouts—but not at statistically distinguishable levels—compared to the single mutant. Heterologously expressed SlMES1 and SlMES3 acted on methyl salicylate in vitro, with SlMES1 having a higher affinity for methyl salicylate than SlMES3. The SlMES locus has undergone major rearrangement, as demonstrated by genome structure analysis in the parents of the biparental population. Analysis of accessions that produce high or low levels of methyl salicylate showed that SlMES1 and SlMES3 genes expressed the highest in the low methyl salicylate lines. None of the MES genes were appreciably expressed in the high methyl salicylate-producing lines. We concluded that the SlMES gene family encodes tomato methyl esterases that convert methyl salicylate to salicylic acid in ripe tomato fruit. Their ability to decrease methyl salicylate levels by conversion to salicylic acid is an attractive breeding target to lower the level of a negative contributor to flavor.

    more » « less