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Title: High surface area reverse electrowetting energy harvesting with power conditioning circuitry for self-powered motion sensors
Monitoring human health in real-time using wearable and implantable electronics (WIE) has become one of the most promising and rapidly growing technologies in the healthcare industry. In general, these electronics are powered by batteries that require periodic replacement and maintenance over their lifetime. To prolong the operation of these electronics, they should have zero post-installation maintenance. On this front, various energy harvesting technologies to generate electrical energy from ambient energy sources have been researched. Many energy harvesters currently available are limited by their power output and energy densities. With the miniaturization of wearable and implantable electronics, the size of the harvesters must be miniaturized accordingly in order to increase the energy density of the harvesters. Additionally, many of the energy harvesters also suffer from limited operational parameters such as resonance frequency and variable input signals. In this work, low frequency motion energy harvesting based on reverse electrowetting-ondielectric (REWOD) is examined using perforated high surface area electrodes with 38 µm pore diameters. Total available surface area per planar area was 8.36 cm2 showing a significant surface area enhancement from planar to porous electrodes and proportional increase in AC voltage density from our previous work. In REWOD energy harvesting, high surface area electrodes significantly increase the capacitance and hence the power density. An AC peak-to-peak voltage generation from the electrode in the range from 1.57-3.32 V for the given frequency range of 1-5 Hz with 0.5 Hz step is demonstrated. In addition, the unconditioned power generated from the harvester is converted to a DC power using a commercial off-theshelf Schottky diode-based voltage multiplier and low dropout regulator (LDO) such that the sensors that use this technology could be fully self-powered. The produced charge is then converted to a proportional voltage by using a commercial charge amplifier to record the features of the motion activities. A transceiver radio is also used to transmit the digitized data from the amplifier and the built-in analog-to-digital converter (ADC) in the micro-controller. This paper proposes the energy harvester acting as a self-powered motion sensor for different physical activities for wearable and wireless healthcare devices.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ;
Dutta, Achyut K.; Balaya, Palani; Xu, Sheng
Date Published:
Journal Name:
SPIE Defense + Commercial Sensing
Page Range / eLocation ID:
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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  2. null (Ed.)
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