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Title: Improved vergence and accommodation via Purkinje Image tracking with multiple cameras for AR glasses
We present a personalized, comprehensive eye-tracking solution based on tracking higher-order Purkinje images, suited explicitly for eyeglasses-style AR and VR displays. Existing eye-tracking systems for near-eye applications are typically designed to work for an on-axis configuration and rely on pupil center and corneal reflections (PCCR) to estimate gaze with an accuracy of only about 0.5°to 1°. These are often expensive, bulky in form factor, and fail to estimate monocular accommodation, which is crucial for focus adjustment within the AR glasses. Our system independently measures the binocular vergence and monocular accommodation using higher-order Purkinje reflections from the eye, extending the PCCR based methods. We demonstrate that these reflections are sensitive to both gaze rotation and lens accommodation and model the Purkinje images’ behavior in simulation. We also design and fabricate a user-customized eye tracker using cheap off-the-shelf cameras and LEDs. We use an end-to-end convolutional neural network (CNN) for calibrating the eye tracker for the individual user, allowing for robust and simultaneous estimation of vergence and accommodation. Experimental results show that our solution, specifically catering to individual users, outperforms state-of-the-art methods for vergence and depth estimation, achieving an accuracy of 0.3782°and 1.108 cm respectively.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
2020 IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR)
Page Range / eLocation ID:
320 to 331
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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