Combining pressure and electrochemistry to synthesize superhydrides

Recently, superhydrides have been computationally identified and subsequently synthesized with a variety of metals at very high pressures. In this work, we evaluate the possibility of synthesizing superhydrides by uniquely combining electrochemistry and applied pressure. We perform computational searches using density functional theory and particle swarm optimization calculations over a broad range of pressures and electrode potentials. Using a thermodynamic analysis, we construct pressure–potential phase diagrams and provide an alternate synthesis concept, pressure–potential ($P2$), to access phases having high hydrogen content. Palladium–hydrogen is a widely studied material system with the highest hydride phase being Pd3H4. Most strikingly for this system, at potentials above hydrogen evolution and ∼ 300 MPa pressure, we find the possibility to make palladium superhydrides (e.g., PdH10). We predict the generalizability of this approach for La-H, Y-H, and Mg-H with 10- to 100-fold reduction in required pressure for stabilizing phases. In addition, the$P2$strategy allows stabilizing additional phases that cannot be done purely by either pressure or potential and is a general approach that is likely to work for synthesizing other hydrides at modest pressures.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
NSF-PAR ID:
10306374
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Volume:
118
Issue:
46
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
Article No. e2110470118
ISSN:
0027-8424
Publisher:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
National Science Foundation
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