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Title: Contact Stability and Contact Safety of a Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Guided Robotic Catheter Under Heart Surface Motion
Abstract Contact force quality is one of the most critical factors for safe and effective lesion formation during catheter based atrial fibrillation ablation procedures. In this paper, the contact stability and contact safety of a novel magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-actuated robotic cardiac ablation catheter subject to surface motion disturbances are studied. First, a quasi-static contact force optimization algorithm, which calculates the actuation needed to achieve a desired contact force at an instantaneous tissue surface configuration is introduced. This algorithm is then generalized using a least-squares formulation to optimize the contact stability and safety over a prediction horizon for a given estimated heart motion trajectory. Four contact force control schemes are proposed based on these algorithms. The first proposed force control scheme employs instantaneous heart position feedback. The second control scheme applies a constant actuation level using a quasi-periodic heart motion prediction. The third and the last contact force control schemes employ a generalized adaptive filter-based heart motion prediction, where the former uses the predicted instantaneous position feedback, and the latter is a receding horizon controller. The performance of the proposed control schemes is compared and evaluated in a simulation environment.
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Award ID(s):
1700839 1563805 1524363
Publication Date:
Journal Name:
Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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