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Title: Production and Modification of Hydrochar from Anaerobically Digested Cattail for Adsorbing Ammonium and Phosphorous in Wastewater
Water contamination by nitrogen and phosphorus ions has a direct consequence of eutrophication to the ecosystem. The objective of this study is to investigate the production of hydrochars by acetic acid or sodium hydroxide assisted hydrothermal carbonization (HTC), various activation methods, and the potential of hydrochar as an adsorbent to remove NH4+-N and PO43--P from wastewater. The results showed that acetic acid or sodium hydroxide assisted HTC and activation with magnesium chloride or air could improve the surface properties of hydrochar. Acetic acid modification generated extensive oxygenated functional groups, while sodium hydroxide modification produced hydrochar with a high N/C ratio and surface aromaticity. Treating hydrochar with magnesium chloride could impregnate nano-magnesium particles on the hydrochar, thereby improving the ability to remove N and P. Air activation of hydrochar resulted in more oxygen containing functional groups. The NH4+-N and PO43--P adsorption capacities of these hydrochars ranged from 92.6 to 122.4mg/g and 1.6 to 15.8mg/g, respectively. The adsorption capacity of hydrochars in swine wastewater is similar to the results of artificial wastewater. The results suggested that Mg-nanoparticle dispersion and oxygen-containing functional groups played a major role in adsorption than ion exchange and physisorption.
Authors:
; ; ; ;
Editors:
Rauch, W Liu
Award ID(s):
1736173
Publication Date:
NSF-PAR ID:
10313211
Journal Name:
Water science technology
Volume:
84
Issue:
7
ISSN:
1996-9732
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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