A novel antiferromagnetic semiconductor, Eu 3 Sn 2 P 4 , has been discovered. Single crystals of Eu 3 Sn 2 P 4 were prepared using the Sn self-flux method. The crystal structure determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction shows that Eu 3 Sn 2 P 4 crystallizes in the orthorhombic structure with the space group Cmca (Pearson Symbol, oP 216). Six Sn–Sn dimers connected by P atoms form a Sn 12 P 24 crown-shaped cluster with a Eu atom located in the center. Magnetization measurements indicate that the system orders antiferromagnetically below a T N ∼14 K at a low field and undergoes a metamagnetic transition at a high field when T < T N . The effective magnetic moment is 7.41(3) μ B per Eu, corresponding to Eu 2+ . The electric resistivity reveals a non-monotonic temperature dependence with non-metallic behavior below ∼60 K, consistent with the band structure calculations. By fitting the data using the thermally activated resistivity formula, we estimate the energy gap to be ∼0.14 eV. Below T N , the resistivity tends to saturate, suggesting the reduction of charge-spin scattering.
Crystal growth and physical properties of an antiferromagnetic molecule: trans -dibromidotetrakis(acetonitrile)chromium(III) tribromide, [CrBr 2 (NCCH 3 ) 4 ](Br 3 )
The synthesis, crystal structure determination, magnetic properties and bonding interaction analysis of a novel 3 d transition-metal complex, [CrBr 2 (NCCH 3 ) 4 ](Br 3 ), are reported. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction results show that [CrBr 2 (NCCH 3 ) 4 ](Br 3 ) crystallizes in space group C 2/ m (No. 12) with a symmetric tribromide anion and the powder X-ray diffraction results show the high purity of the material specimen. X-ray photoelectron studies with a combination of magnetic measurements demonstrate that Cr adopts the 3+ oxidation state. Based on the Curie–Weiss analysis of magnetic susceptibility data, the Néel temperature is found to be around 2.2 K and the effective moment (μ eff ) of Cr 3+ in [CrBr 2 (NCCH 3 ) 4 ](Br 3 ) is ∼3.8 µ B , which agrees with the theoretical value for Cr 3+ . The direct current magnetic susceptibility of the molecule shows a broad maximum at ∼2.3 K, which is consistent with the theoretical Néel temperature. The maximum temperature, however, shows no clear frequency dependence. Combined with the observed upturn in heat capacity below 2.3 K and the corresponding field dependence, it is speculated that the low-temperature magnetic feature of a broad transition in more »
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- Acta Crystallographica Section B Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials
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- National Science Foundation
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