skip to main content

This content will become publicly available on January 1, 2023

Title: Experimental realization of linearly polarized x-ray detected ferromagnetic resonance
Abstract We present the first theoretical and experimental evidence of time-resolved dynamic x-ray magnetic linear dichroism (XMLD) measurements of GHz magnetic precessions driven by ferromagnetic resonance in both metallic and insulating thin films. Our findings show a dynamic XMLD in both ferromagnetic Ni 80 Fe 20 and ferrimagnetic Ni 0.65 Zn 0.35 Al 0.8 Fe 1.2 O 4 for different measurement geometries and linear polarizations. A detailed analysis of the observed signals reveals the importance of separating different harmonic components in the dynamic signal in order to identify the XMLD response without the influence of competing contributions. In particular, RF magnetic resonance elicits a large dynamic XMLD response at the fundamental frequency under experimental geometries with oblique x-ray polarization. The geometric range and experimental sensitivity can be improved by isolating the 2 ω Fourier component of the dynamic response. These results illustrate the potential of dynamic XMLD and represent a milestone accomplishment toward the study of GHz spin dynamics in systems beyond ferromagnetic order.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Award ID(s):
2003914
Publication Date:
NSF-PAR ID:
10319826
Journal Name:
New Journal of Physics
Volume:
24
Issue:
1
ISSN:
1367-2630
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. We have been studying the stratigraphy of core LWB 4-5 taken in 2001 in the Hudson River 1.5 km north of the transit of the Peekskill meteorite in October 1992. We measured magnetic susceptibility and elemental composition at 1 cm intervals down to 50 cm and then at 5 cm intervals down to 108 cm. Magnetic susceptibilities are unusually high (above 20 cgs units) from 12-19 cm and again at 31 cm. The level at 31 cm contains mm-sized fragments of Fe oxide. X-Ray Fluorescence spectroscopy revealed high Ni/Cr levels concentrated from 9-11 cm and again below 97 cm. Wemore »found tektite-like spheroids, dumbbells and teardrops from 8-15 cm depth. They are glasses and they contain appreciable K, consistent with an origin as true tektites but we have not identified the source. Overall, we interpret the high susceptibility, high Ni/Cr and possibly tektite bearing layer as a resulting from the fall of one of the bodies postulated to have fallen with the Peekskill meteorite in 1992. A 1992 age for the top of the Peekskill layer at 8-9 cm depth is consistent with a uniform sedimentation rate in the core and the occurrence of the base of modern Pb at 97 cm depth. From previous work on cores from Central Park Lake, the base of modern Pb represents the year 1880 A.D. We also found other prominent horizons whose ages fit a linear sedimentation rate model. We found a step change in As/Pb ratio whose inferred age matches 1988, the year when Pb and Cu arsenide were banned as pesticides. Our core exhibits peaks in Ca and Sr content and a minor susceptibility peak at 17.5 depth that may represent the 1980 "Great Catskill Toilet Flush" Hudson River flood event. The Catskills contain abundant marine limestone that could serve as a source for Ca and Sr. A prominent susceptibility peak at 37.5 cm could represent a flood in 1955. We also found a peak in Pb at 50 cm depth whose inferred age matches that of the cessation of incinerator burning in 1938. 137Cs and 210Pb ages are in progress and may be available by the time of the meeting. The high Pb and As levels in parts of LWB 4-5 are supported by examination of the coarse fraction. We found two bright orange grains, both with carbon rich coatings. One grain analyses on the X-ray analyzer of an SEM as 8%C, 70% Pb, 17%As and 2% Cu. The second grain analyzes as 10% C, 43% Pb, 1% Ca, 2% P, 27% As, 4% Fe, 2% Ni, 1% Si, and 6% Zn. All analyses are in wt.% on an oxygen free basis.« less
  2. Abstract

    The emergence of ferromagnetism in materials where the bulk phase does not show any magnetic order demonstrates that atomically precise films can stabilize distinct ground states and expands the phase space for the discovery of materials. Here, the emergence of long-range magnetic order is reported in ultrathin (111) LaNiO3(LNO) films, where bulk LNO is paramagnetic, and the origins of this phase are explained. Transport and structural studies of LNO(111) films indicate that NiO6octahedral distortions stabilize a magnetic insulating phase at the film/substrate interface and result in a thickness-dependent metal–insulator transition att = 8 unit cells. Away from this interface, distortions relaxmore »and bulk-like conduction is regained. Synchrotron x-ray diffraction and dynamical x-ray diffraction simulations confirm a corresponding out-of-plane unit-cell expansion at the interface of all films. X-ray absorption spectroscopy reveals that distortion stabilizes an increased concentration of Ni2+ions. Evidence of long-range magnetic order is found in anomalous Hall effect and magnetoresistance measurements, likely due to ferromagnetic superexchange interactions among Ni2+–Ni3+ions. Together, these results indicate that long-range magnetic ordering and metallicity in LNO(111) films emerges from a balance among the spin, charge, lattice, and orbital degrees of freedom.

    « less
  3. Using theoretical and computational modeling, we focus on dynamics of gels filled with uniformly dispersed ferromagnetic nanoparticles subjected to electromagnetic (EM) irradiation within the GHz frequency range. As a polymer matrix, we choose poly( N -isopropylacrylamide) gel, which has a low critical solution temperature and shrinks upon heating. When these composites are irradiated with a frequency close to the Ferro-Magnetic Resonance (FMR) frequency, the heating rate increases dramatically. The energy dissipation of EM signals within the magnetic nanoparticles results in the heating of the gel matrix. We show that the EM signal causes volume phase transitions, leading to large deformationsmore »of the sample for a range of system parameters. We propose a model that accounts for the dynamic coupling between the elastodynamics of the polymer gel and the FMR heating of magnetic nanoparticles. This coupling is nonlinear: when the system is heated, the gel shrinks during the volume phase transition, and the particle concentration increases, which in turn results in an increase of the heating rates as long as the concentration of nanoparticles does not exceed a critical value. We show that the system exhibits high selectivity to the frequency of the incident EM signal and can result in a large mechanical feedback in response to a small change in the applied signal. These results suggest the design of a new class of soft active gel-based materials remotely controlled by low power EM signals within the GHz frequency range.« less
  4. Using inelastic X-ray scattering beyond the dipole limit and hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy we establish the dual nature of the U 5 f electrons in U M 2 S i 2 (M = Pd, Ni, Ru, Fe), regardless of their degree of delocalization. We have observed that the compounds have in common a local atomic-like state that is well described by the U 5 f 2 configuration with the Γ 1 ( 1 ) and Γ 2 quasi-doublet symmetry. The amount of the U 5 f 3 configuration, however, varies considerably across the U M 2 S i 2 series,more »indicating an increase of U 5f itineracy in going from M = Pd to Ni to Ru and to the Fe compound. The identified electronic states explain the formation of the very large ordered magnetic moments in U P d 2 S i 2 and U N i 2 S i 2 , the availability of orbital degrees of freedom needed for the hidden order in U R u 2 S i 2 to occur, as well as the appearance of Pauli paramagnetism in U F e 2 S i 2 . A unified and systematic picture of the U M 2 S i 2 compounds may now be drawn, thereby providing suggestions for additional experiments to induce hidden order and/or superconductivity in U compounds with the tetragonal body-centered T h C r 2 S i 2 structure.« less
  5. Abstract

    This report is on studies directed at the nature of magneto-electric (ME) coupling by ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) under an electric field in a coaxial nanofiber of nickel ferrite (NFO) and lead zirconate titanate (PZT). Fibers with ferrite cores and PZT shells were prepared by electrospinning. The core–shell structure of annealed fibers was confirmed by electron- and scanning probe microscopy. For studies on converse ME effects, i.e., the magnetic response of the fibers to an applied electric field, FMR measurements were done on a single fiber with a near-field scanning microwave microscope (NSMM) at 5–10 GHz by obtaining profiles of bothmore »amplitude and phase of the complex scattering parameterS11as a function of bias magnetic field. The strength of the voltage-ME couplingAvwas determined from the shift in the resonance fieldHrfor bias voltage ofV = 0–7 V applied to the fiber. The coefficientAvfor the NFO core/PZT shell structure was estimated to be − 1.92 kA/Vm (− 24 Oe/V). A model was developed for the converse ME effects in the fibers and the theoretical estimates are in good agreement with the data.

    « less