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Title: A 65nm Resonant Electro-Quasistatic 5-240uW Human Whole-Body Powering and 2.19uW Communication SoC with Automatic Maximum Resonant Power Tracking
Applications like Connected Healthcare through physiological signal monitoring and Secure Authentication using wearable keys can benefit greatly from battery-less operation. Low power communication along with energy harvesting is critical to sustain such perpetual battery-less operation. Previous studies have used techniques such as Tribo-Electric, Piezo-Electric, RF energy harvesting for Body Area Network devices, but they are restricted to on-body node placements. Human body channel is known to be a promising alternative to wireless radio wave communication for low power operation [1-4], through Human Body Communication, as well as very recently as a medium for power transfer through body coupled power transfer [5]. However, channel length (L) dependency of the received power makes it inefficient for L>40cm. There have also been a few studies for low power communication through the human body, but none of them could provide sustainable battery-less operation. In this paper, we utilize Resonant Electro Quasi-Static Human Body Communication (Res-EQS HBC) with Maximum Resonance Power Tracking (MRPT) to enable channel length independent whole-body communication and powering (Fig.1). We design the first system to simultaneously transfer Power and Data between a HUB device and a wearable through the human body to enable battery-less operation. Measurement results show 240uW, 28uW and 5uW power transfer through the body in a MachineMachine (large devices with strong ground connection) Tabletop (small devices kept on a table, as in [5]) and Wearable-Wearable (small form factor battery operated devices) scenario respectively, independent of body channel length, while enabling communication with a power consumption of only 2.19uW. This enables >25x more power transfer with >100x more efficiency compared to [5] for Tabletop and 100cm Body distance by utilizing the benefits of EQS. The MRPT loop automatically tracks device and posture dependent resonance point changes to maximize power transfer in all cases.  more » « less
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2021 IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conference (CICC)
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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