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Title: One-step hydrothermal synthesis of porous Ti 3 C 2 T z MXene/rGO gels for supercapacitor applications
Titanium carbide/reduced graphene oxide (Ti 3 C 2 T z /rGO) gels were prepared by a one-step hydrothermal process. The gels show a highly porous structure with a surface area of ∼224 m 2 g −1 and average pore diameter of ∼3.6 nm. The content of GO and Ti 3 C 2 T z nanosheets in the reaction precursor was varied to yield different microstructures. The supercapacitor performance of Ti 3 C 2 T z /rGO gels varied significantly with composition. Specific capacitance initially increased with increasing Ti 3 C 2 T z content, but at high Ti 3 C 2 T z content gels cannot be formed. Also, the retention of capacitance decreased with increasing Ti 3 C 2 T z content. Ti 3 C 2 T z /rGO gel electrodes exhibit enhanced supercapacitor properties with high potential window (1.5 V) and large specific capacitance (920 F g −1 ) in comparison to pure rGO and Ti 3 C 2 T z . The synergistic effect of EDLC from rGO and redox capacitance from Ti 3 C 2 T z was the reason for the enhanced supercapacitor performance. A symmetric two-electrode supercapacitor cell was constructed with Ti 3 C more » 2 T z /rGO, which showed very high areal capacitance (158 mF cm −2 ), large energy density (∼31.5 μW h cm −2 corresponding to a power density of ∼370 μW cm −2 ), and long stability (∼93% retention) after 10 000 cycles. « less
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National Science Foundation
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