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Title: Characterization of Electroless Nickel-Phosphorous Plating Roughness and Thickness on Binder-Jetted 420 Stainless Steel Infiltrated with Bronze
"Binder jetting is an economical and rapid additive manufacturing process that offers vast opportunities to combine a variety of materials, yielding interesting and useful properties. However, binder jetted parts, which can involve at least one hard and one soft material, can be more susceptible to corrosion and wear compared to conventional single alloy components produced by laser sintering or other high-temperature processes. This paper discusses the electroless nickel coating on 420 Stainless Steel and Bronze Binder-Jetted Composites(BJC). Electroless nickel, a well-known coating to provide high corrosion resistance and hardness, was attempted on BJC. To produce high-quality smooth electroless nickel coatings, we attempted the Taguchi Design of Experiments. Our design of experiment involved important factors, such as the surface preparation methodology prior to electroless nickel coating. During electroless nickel coating, we investigated the role of phosphorus content, temperature, and time in the production of smooth deposition. Optical microscopy was performed for qualitative and quantitative analysis. We also performed SEM to investigate the microstructure of different electroless coatings on BJC. Interestingly, all the combinations of parameters used in the electroless nickel coating produced different microstructures. We found that surface preparation was a critical factor in determining the smoothness of the film. We also showed that the dependent on the Ni solution’s phosphorus level and temperature. Our research ng insights for improving the usefulness of a wide variety of BJC by various coatings."  more » « less
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Additive manufacturing
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National Science Foundation
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