skip to main content

Title: Crystal structures of two copper(I)–6,6′-dimethyl-2,2′-bipyridyl (dmbpy) compounds, [Cu(dmbpy) 2 ] 2 [ M F 6x H 2 O ( M = Zr, Hf; x = 1.134, 0.671)
The syntheses and crystal structures of two bimetallic molecular compounds, namely, bis[bis(6,6′-dimethyl-2,2′-bipyridine)copper(I)] hexafluoridozirconate(IV) 1.134-hydrate, [Cu(dmbpy) 2 ] 2 [ZrF 6 ]·1.134H 2 O (dmbpy = 6,6′-dimethyl-2,2′-bipyridyl, C 12 H 12 N 2 ), (I), and bis[bis(6,6′-dimethyl-2,2′-bipyridine)copper(I)] hexafluoridohafnate(IV) 0.671-hydrate, [Cu(dmbpy) 2 ] 2 [HfF 6 ]·0.671H 2 O, (II), are reported. Apart from a slight site occupany difference for the water molecule of crystallization, compounds (I) and (II) are isostructural, featuring isolated tetrahedral cations of copper(I) ions coordinated by two dmbpy ligands and centrosymmetric, octahedral anions of fluorinated early transition metals. The tetrahedral environments of the copper complexes are distorted owing to the steric effects of the dmbpy ligands. The extended structures are built up through Coulombic interactions between cations and anions and π–π stacking interactions between heterochiral Δ- and Λ-[Cu(dmbpy) 2 ] + complexes. A comparison between the title compounds and other [Cu(dmbpy) 2 ] + compounds with monovalent and bivalent anions reveals a significant influence of the cation-to-anion ratio on the resulting crystal packing architectures, providing insights for future crystal design of distorted tetrahedral copper compounds.
Authors:
; ;
Award ID(s):
1904701
Publication Date:
NSF-PAR ID:
10333099
Journal Name:
Acta Crystallographica Section E Crystallographic Communications
Volume:
77
Issue:
8
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
819 to 823
ISSN:
2056-9890
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. We report the hydrothermal syntheses and crystal structures of aquabis(2,2′-bipyridine-κ 2 N , N ′)copper(II) hexafluoridosilicate tetrahydrate, [Cu(bpy) 2 (H 2 O)][SiF 6 ]·4H 2 O (bpy is 2,2′-bipyridine, C 10 H 8 N 2 ), (I), bis(2,2′-bipyridine-3κ 2 N , N ′)-di-μ-fluorido-1:3κ 2 F : F ;2:3κ 2 F : F -decafluorido-1κ 5 F ,2κ 5 F -ditantalum(V)copper(II), [Cu(bpy) 2 (TaF 6 ) 2 ], (II), tris(2,2′-bipyridine-κ 2 N , N ′)copper(II) bis[hexafluoridotantalate(V)], [Cu(bpy) 3 ][TaF 6 ] 2 , (III), and catena -poly[[diaqua(2,2′-bipyridine-κ 2 N , N ′)copper(II)]-μ-fluorido-tetrafluoridotin-μ-fluorido], [Cu(bpy)(H 2 O) 2 SnF 6 ] n , (IV). Compounds (I), (II) and (III) contain locally chiral copper coordination complexes with C 2 , D 2 , and D 3 symmetry, respectively. The extended structures of (I) and (IV) are consolidated by O—H...F and O—H...O hydrogen bonds. The structure of (III) was found to be a merohedral (racemic) twin.
  2. The crystal structures of three bridged bimetallic molecular compounds, namely, triaqua-2κ 3 O -μ-fluorido-pentafluorido-1κ 5 F -(1,10-phenanthroline-2κ 2 N , N ′)copper(II)titanium(IV) monohydrate, [Cu(TiF 6 )(phen)(H 2 O) 3 ]·H 2 O (phen is 1,10-phenanthroline, C 12 H 8 N 2 ), (I), triaqua-2κ 3 O -μ-fluorido-pentafluorido-1κ 5 F -(1,10-phenanthroline-2κ 2 N , N ′)copper(II)zirconium(IV) monohydrate, [Cu(ZrF 6 )(phen)(H 2 O) 3 ]·H 2 O, (II), and triaqua-2κ 3 O -μ-fluorido-pentafluorido-1κ 5 F -(1,10-phenanthroline-2κ 2 N , N ′)copper(II)hafnium(IV) monohydrate, [Cu(HfF 6 )(phen)(H 2 O) 3 ]·H 2 O, (III), and one molecular salt, bis[diaquafluorido(1,10-phenanthroline-κ 2 N , N ′)copper(II)] hexafluoridohafnate(IV) dihydrate, [CuF(phen)(H 2 O) 2 ] 2 [HfF 6 ]·2H 2 O, (IV), are reported. The bridged bimetallic compounds adopt Λ-shaped configurations, with the octahedrally coordinated copper(II) center linked to the fluorinated early transition metal via a fluoride linkage. The extended structures of these Λ-shaped compounds are organized through both intra- and intermolecular hydrogen bonds and intermolecular π–π stacking. The salt compound [Cu(phen)(H 2 O) 2 F] 2 [HfF 6 ]·H 2 O displays an isolated square-pyramidal Cu(phen)(H 2 O) 2 F + complex linked to other cationic complexes and isolated HfF 6 2− anions through intermolecular hydrogen-bonding interactions.
  3. Copper(I) iodide complexes are well known for displaying a diverse array of structural features even when only small changes in ligand design are made. This structural diversity is well displayed by five copper(I) iodide compounds reported here with closely related piperidine-2,6-dithione (SNS), isoindoline-1,3-dithione (SNS6), and 6-thioxopiperidin-2-one (SNO) ligands: di-μ-iodido-bis[(acetonitrile-κ N )(6-sulfanylidenepiperidin-2-one-κ S )copper(I)], [Cu 2 I 2 (CH 3 CN) 2 (C 5 H 7 NOS) 2 ] ( I ), bis(acetonitrile-κ N )tetra-μ 3 -iodido-bis(6-sulfanylidenepiperidin-2-one-κ S )- tetrahedro -tetracopper(I), [Cu 4 I 4 (CH 3 CN) 4 (C 5 H 7 NOS) 4 ] ( II ), catena -poly[[(μ-6-sulfanylidenepiperidin-2-one-κ 2 O : S )copper(I)]-μ 3 -iodido], [CuI(C 5 H 7 NOS)] n ( III ), poly[[(piperidine-2,6-dithione-κ S )copper(I)]-μ 3 -iodido], [CuI(C 5 H 7 NS 2 )] n ( IV ), and poly[[(μ-isoindoline-1,3-dithione-κ 2 S : S )copper(I)]-μ 3 -iodido], [CuI(C 8 H 5 NS 2 )] n ( V ). Compounds I and II crystallize as discrete dimeric and tetrameric complexes, whereas III , IV , and V crystallize as polymeric two-dimensional sheets. To the best of our knowledge, compound III is the first instance of an extended hexagonal [Cu 3 I 3 ] structure that is notmore »supported by bridging ligands. Structures I , II , and IV display weak to moderately strong Cu...Cu cuprophilic interactions [Cu...Cu internuclear distances range between 2.5803 (10) and 2.8485 (14) Å]. All structures except III display weak hydrogen-bonding interactions between the N—H of the ligand and the μ 2 and μ 3 -I − atoms. Structure III contains classical N–H...O interactions between the SNO ligands that connect the molecules in a three-dimensional framework. Complex V features π–π stacking interactions between the aryl rings of the SNS6 ligands within the same polymeric sheet. In structure IV , there were three partially occupied solvent molecules of dichloromethane and one partially occupied molecule of acetonitrile present in the asymmetric unit. The SQUEEZE routine [Spek (2015). Acta Cryst . C 71 , 9–18] was used to correct the diffraction data for diffuse scattering effects and to identify the solvent molecules. The given chemical formula and other crystal data do not take into account the solvent molecules.« less
  4. Bis[η 5 -( tert -butoxycarbonyl)cyclopentadienyl]dichloridotitanium(IV), [Ti(C 10 H 13 O 2 ) 2 Cl 2 ], was synthesized from LiCp COO t -Bu using TiCl 4 , and was characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and 1 H NMR spectroscopy. The distorted tetrahedral geometry about the central titanium atom is relatively unchanged compared to Cp 2 TiCl 2 . The complex exhibits elongation of the titanium–cyclopentadienyl centroid distances [2.074 (3) and 2.070 (3) Å] and a contraction of the titanium–chlorine bond lengths [2.3222 (10) Å and 2.3423 (10) Å] relative to Cp 2 TiCl 2 . The dihedral angle formed by the planes of the Cp rings [52.56 (13)°] is smaller than seen in Cp 2 TiCl 2 . Both ester groups extend from the same side of the Cp rings, and occur on the same side of the complex as the chlorido ligands. The complex may serve as a convenient synthon for titanocene complexes with carboxylate anchoring groups for binding to metal oxide substrates.
  5. Spin crossover (SCO) is a phenomenon observed for certain transition metal complexes with electronic configuration 3d4-3d7. The conversion between the low-spin (LS) and high-spin (HS) states is usually driven by a variety of external perturbations, such as temperature, pressure, or light. The switching between the enthalpically preferred LS state and entropically favorable HS state is accompanied by dramatic changes in the metal-ligand bond lengths, unit cell volume, optical absorption spectrum, and magnetic susceptibility.1 These changes make SCO materials suitable for applications in sensors, memory, and display devices. One of the central challenges in the SCO research is to initiate strongly cooperative interactions known to lead to abrupt spin transitions and thermal hysteresis that can be harvested as a memory effect. One of the strategies to enhance the cooperativity is to design SCO complexes with supramolecular interactions such as π-stacking of aromatic fragments or hydrogen bonding.2 In this work, we report syntheses and characterization of heteroleptic complexes of [Fe(tpma)(L)](ClO4)2 (tpma = tris(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)amine) with novel π-extended biimidazole-type ligands (L) bearing 2,3-dimethyl-naphthalene-, 6,7-dimethyl-2,3-diphenyl-quinoxaline, and 2,3-dimethyl-anthracene pendant fragments. Solvent-free naphthalene-functionalized complex [Fe(tpma)(xnap-bim)](ClO4)2 exhibits abrupt spin transition at T1/2 = 127K with a narrow 1 K hysteresis loop. In contrast, polymorph of this complex thatmore »contains one interstitial molecules of pyridine exhibits gradual SCO. Anthracene-functionalized complex [Fe(tpma)(anthra-bim)](ClO4)2 also crystallizes as two polymorphs. Structural studies at 100, 230, and 300 K revealed dramatic changes in the N-Fe-N biting angles and Fe-N distances, indicating the occurrence of temperature-induced SCO. Complex [Fe(tpma)(quin-bim)](ClO4)2 (quin-bim = 6,7-dimethyl-2,3-diphenyl-quinoxaline-2,2’-biimidazole) showed only HS state at 100 and 230 K. In the crystal packing the mononuclear cations form stacks along b axis. We discuss how the observed magnetic behavior correlates with changes in the crystal packing and interactions between the pendant aromatic substituents on the aforementioned complexes.« less