- Publication Date:
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Journal Name:
- Environmental Data Science
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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Standardizing data reporting in the research community to enhance the utility of open data for SARS-CoV-2 wastewater surveillancenull (Ed.)SARS-CoV-2 RNA detection in wastewater is being rapidly developed and adopted as a public health monitoring tool worldwide. With wastewater surveillance programs being implemented across many different scales and by many different stakeholders, it is critical that data collected and shared are accompanied by an appropriate minimal amount of meta-information to enable meaningful interpretation and use of this new information source and intercomparison across datasets. While some databases are being developed for specific surveillance programs locally, regionally, nationally, and internationally, common globally-adopted data standards have not yet been established within the research community. Establishing such standards will require national and international consensus on what meta-information should accompany SARS-CoV-2 wastewater measurements. To establish a recommendation on minimum information to accompany reporting of SARS-CoV-2 occurrence in wastewater for the research community, the United States National Science Foundation (NSF) Research Coordination Network on Wastewater Surveillance for SARS-CoV-2 hosted a workshop in February 2021 with participants from academia, government agencies, private companies, wastewater utilities, public health laboratories, and research institutes. This report presents the primary two outcomes of the workshop: (i) a recommendation on the set of minimum meta-information that is needed to confidently interpret wastewater SARS-CoV-2 data, and (ii) insights from workshop discussionsmore »
Bringing microfossil specimens into the light: Using semi-automated digitization techniques to improve collection accessibilityNatural history collections are often considered remote and inaccessible without special permission from curators. Digitization of these collections can make them much more accessible to researchers, educators, and general enthusiasts alike, thereby removing the stigma of a lonely specimen on a dusty shelf in the back room of a museum that will never again see the light of day. We are in the process of digitizing the microfossils of the Indiana University Paleontology collection using the GIGAmacro Magnify2 Robotic Imaging System. This suite of software and hardware allows us to automate photography and post-production of high resolution images, thereby severely reducing the amount of time and labor needed to serve the data. Our hardware includes a Canon T6i 24 megapixel DSLR, a Canon MPE 65mm 1X to 5X lens, and a Canon MT26EX Dual Flash, all mounted on a lead system made with high performance precision IGUS Drylin anodized aluminum. The camera and its mount move over the tray of microfossil slides using bearings and rails. The software includes the GIGAmacro Capture Software (photography), GIGAmacro Viewer Software (display and annotation), Zerene Stacker (focus stacking), and Autopano GIGA (stitching). All of the metadata is kept in association with the images, uploadedmore »
We are now over four decades into digitally managing the names of Earth's species. As the number of federating (i.e., software that brings together previously disparate projects under a common infrastructure, for example TaxonWorks) and aggregating (e.g., International Plant Name Index, Catalog of Life (CoL)) efforts increase, there remains an unmet need for both the migration forward of old data, and for the production of new, precise and comprehensive nomenclatural catalogs. Given this context, we provide an overview of how TaxonWorks seeks to contribute to this effort, and where it might evolve in the future. In TaxonWorks, when we talk about governed names and relationships, we mean it in the sense of existing international codes of nomenclature (e.g., the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN)). More technically, nomenclature is defined as a set of objective assertions that describe the relationships between the names given to biological taxa and the rules that determine how those names are governed. It is critical to note that this is not the same thing as the relationship between a name and a biological entity, but rather nomenclature in TaxonWorks represents the details of the (governed) relationships between names. Rather than thinking of nomenclature as changingmore »
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small RNA molecules (∼22 nucleotide long) involved in post-transcriptional gene regulation. Advances in high-throughput sequencing technologies led to the discovery of isomiRs, which are miRNA sequence variants. While many miRNA-seq analysis tools exist, the diversity of output formats hinders accurate comparisons between tools and precludes data sharing and the development of common downstream analysis methods.
To overcome this situation, we present here a community-based project, miRNA Transcriptomic Open Project (miRTOP) working towards the optimization of miRNA analyses. The aim of miRTOP is to promote the development of downstream isomiR analysis tools that are compatible with existing detection and quantification tools. Based on the existing GFF3 format, we first created a new standard format, mirGFF3, for the output of miRNA/isomiR detection and quantification results from small RNA-seq data. Additionally, we developed a command line Python tool, mirtop, to create and manage the mirGFF3 format. Currently, mirtop can convert into mirGFF3 the outputs of commonly used pipelines, such as seqbuster, isomiR-SEA, sRNAbench, Prost! as well as BAM files. Some tools have also incorporated the mirGFF3 format directly into their code, such as, miRge2.0, IsoMIRmap and OptimiR. Its open architecture enables any tool or pipeline to output or convertmore »
Availability and implementation
https://github.com/miRTop/mirGFF3/ and https://github.com/miRTop/mirtop.
firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com
Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.
The LabelBee system is a web application designed to facilitate the collection, annotation and analysis of large amounts of honeybee behavior data from video monitoring. It is developed as part of NSF BIGDATA project “Large-scale multi-parameter analysis of honeybee behavior in their natural habitat”, where we analyze continuous video of the entrance of bee colonies. Due to the large volume of data and its complexity, LabelBee provides advanced Artificial Intelligence and visualization capabilities to enable the construction of good quality datasets necessary for the discovery of complex behavior patterns. It integrates several levels of information: raw video, honeybee positions, decoded tags, individual trajectories and behavior events (entrance/exit, presence of pollen, fanning, etc.). This integration enables the combination of manual and automatic processing by the biologist end-users, who also share and correct their annotation through a centralized server. These annotations are used by the Computer Scientists to create new automatic models, and improve the quality of the automatic modules. The data constructed by this semi-automatized approach can then be exported for the analytic part, which is taking place on the same server using Jupyter notebooks for the extraction and exploration of behavior patterns.