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Title: Isoforms of the neuropeptide myosuppressin differentially modulate the cardiac neuromuscular system of the American lobster, Homarus americanus
Post-translational modifications (PTMs) diversify peptide structure and allow for greater flexibility within signaling networks. The cardiac neuromuscular system of the American lobster, Homarus americanus, is made up of a central pattern generator, the cardiac ganglion (CG), and peripheral cardiac muscle. Together, these components produce flexible output in response to peptidergic modulation. Here, we examined the role of PTMs in determining the effects of a cardioactive neuropeptide, myosuppressin (pQDLDHVFLRFamide), on the whole heart, the neuromuscular junction/muscle, the isolated CG, and the neurons of the CG. Mature myosuppressin and noncyclized myosuppressin (QDLDHVFLRFamide) elicited similar and significant changes in whole heart contraction amplitude and frequency, stimulated muscle contraction amplitude and the bursting pattern of the intact and ligatured neurons of the ganglion. In the whole heart, nonamidated myosuppressin (pQDLDHVFLRFG) elicited only a small decrease in frequency and amplitude. In the absence of motor neuron input, nonamidated myosuppressin did not cause any significant changes in the amplitude of stimulated contractions. In the intact CG, nonamidated myosuppressin elicited a small but significant decrease in burst duration. Further analysis revealed a correlation between the extent of modulation elicited by nonamidated myosuppressin in the whole heart and the isolated, intact CG. When the neurons of the CG more » were physically decoupled, nonamidated myosuppressin elicited highly variable responses. Taken together, these data suggest that amidation, but not cyclization, is critical in enabling this peptide to exert its effects on the cardiac neuromuscular system. NEW & NOTEWORTHY Myosuppressin (pQDLDHVFLRFamide), a well-characterized crustacean neuropeptide, and its noncyclized (QDLDHVFLRFamide) and nonamidated (pQDLDHVFLRFG) isoforms alter the output of the cardiac neuromuscular system of the American lobster, Homarus americanus. Mature myosuppressin and noncyclized myosuppressin elicited similar and significant changes across all levels of the isolated system, whereas responses to nonamidated myosuppressin were significantly different from other isoforms and were highly variable. These data support the diversity of peptide action as a function of peptide structure. « less
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Award ID(s):
1354567 1856433
Publication Date:
Journal Name:
Journal of Neurophysiology
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
702 to 713
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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