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Title: Analysis of reduced and oxidized nitrogen-containing organic compounds at a coastal site in summer and winter
Abstract. Nitrogen-containing organic compounds, which may be directly emitted into the atmosphere or which may form via reactions with prevalent reactive nitrogen species (e.g., NH3, NOx, NO3), have important but uncertaineffects on climate and human health. Using gas and liquid chromatographywith soft ionization and high-resolution mass spectrometry, we performed amolecular-level speciation of functionalized organic compounds at a coastal site on the Long Island Sound in summer (during the 2018 Long Island Sound Tropospheric Ozone Study – LISTOS – campaign) and winter. This region often experiences poor air quality due to theemissions of reactive anthropogenic, biogenic, and marine-derived compoundsand their chemical transformation products. We observed a range offunctionalized compounds containing oxygen, nitrogen, and/or sulfur atomsresulting from these direct emissions and chemical transformations,including photochemical and aqueous-phase processing that was more pronounced in summer and winter, respectively. In both summer and winter, nitrogen-containing organic aerosols dominated the observed distribution offunctionalized particle-phase species ionized by our analytical techniques,with 85 % and 68 % of total measured ion abundance containing a nitrogenatom, respectively. Nitrogen-containing particles included reduced nitrogen functional groups (e.g., amines, imines, azoles) and common NOz contributors (e.g., organonitrates). Reduced nitrogen functional groups observed in the particle phase were frequently paired with oxygen-containing groups elsewhere on the molecule, and their prevalence often rivaled that of oxidized nitrogen groups detected by our methods. Supplemental gas-phasemeasurements, collected on adsorptive samplers and analyzed with a novelliquid chromatography-based method, suggest that gas-phase reduced nitrogen compounds are possible contributing precursors to the observed nitrogen-containing particles. Altogether, this work highlights theprevalence of reduced nitrogen-containing compounds in the less-studied northeastern US and potentially in other regions with similar anthropogenic, biogenic, and marine source signatures.  more » « less
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Journal Name:
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Page Range / eLocation ID:
3045 to 3065
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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